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A particularly severe lean season limits poor households’ consumption and food diversity.

  • Key Message Update
  • Central African Republic
  • July 2021
A particularly severe lean season limits poor households’ consumption and food diversity.

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • Poor households and IDPs and their host households are experiencing a particularly severe and early lean season. Because last year's harvests were not favorable due to numerous hazards (crop pests, transhumance conflicts, theft and looting by armed groups and insecurity), food reserves were depleted earlier than usual. These households are currently experiencing Crisis level food insecurity outcomes (IPC Phase 3). Despite the humanitarian assistance provided to 1.2 million people in the first quarter of 2021 (according to OCHA), the need for adequate food supply remains. 

    • The availability of some products, such as maize, white beans, sorghum, palm oil and to a lesser extent cassava, is relatively low in markets. During this month, the supply of imported food products to Bangui improved significantly due to the intensification of trade flows from Cameroon, the Democratic Republic of Congo and on the Mbaïki, Paoua and Sibut route. However, supplying other towns from Bangui remains difficult because of the presence of the rebels on certain routes such as Bambari-Alindao-Bangassou; Bangui-Bria; Bangui-Bossangoa and Bangui-Bozoum.

    • Overall, the prices of local food products (maize, white beans, sorghum, palm oil) are seasonally increasing this July compared to last month. Compared to last year as well, these prices are generally on the rise. These increases are the result of low availability of these products accompanied by an increasingly strong demand. 

    • Regarding health and nutrition, there is an increase in the number of admissions to health centers in the country compared to last year at the same time. The number of cases of Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) is at concerning levels in some health centers, in particular in Bambari and Alindao. This could reflect a significant deterioration in the food situation at the household level, but also a high incidence of illnesses. According to UNICEF, this year’s cases of malnutrition have increased by 25% compared to 2020, principally because of the COVID-19 pandemic, but additionally due to the ongoing violence that hinders access to food and the proper functioning of health services.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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