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Seasonal increase in population displacements due to localized flooding

  • Key Message Update
  • Central African Republic
  • January 2024
Seasonal increase in population displacements due to localized flooding

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • In conflict and flood-affected areas, poor households who have not had enough to harvest because of difficulties accessing their fields, or who have lost their crops and possessions in the floods, are forced to buy their staple food. Combined with high food prices, poor households find it difficult to access sufficient food and are exposed to Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes, with some households in Crisis (IPC Phase 3). Outside these insecure areas, the vast majority of poor households are able to meet their basic food and non-food needs. This is made possible by harvests from their crop plots and income from dry-season activities such as hunting, gathering, migration and fishing. 
    • However, food prices are generally very high, particularly in conflict zones. For example, in December at the Obo market, cassava was +91 percent more expensive than the five-year average, and at the Bria market, rice was +89 percent more expensive than the five-year average. In general, cassava prices are also higher this year than last, while rice and corn prices are more stable.  
    • The government has provided aid to victims of the floods that have affected localities bordering the city of Bangui. This aid involved the distribution of food and non-food items to around 3,000 households. As a reminder, since the end of October and beginning of November 2023, a series of floods have been recorded in several localities following torrential rains that caused the Oubangui River to overflow its banks. These floods are estimated to have affected around 50,000 people in several localities in the south of the country. Humanitarian aid provided by the government is expected to continue in the other localities affected by the floods. 
    • According to OCHA, as of November 30, the total number of internally displaced people (IDPs) stood at 543,819, compared with 504,992 on October 31. This overall increase in the number of IDPs follows the floods which claimed numerous victims in the Mbomou, Bangui and Ombella M'Poko prefectures, as well as violence by armed groups in certain localities, notably in the Ouham and Ouham-Pende prefectures. Despite this overall increase, spontaneous returns of IDPs to their places of origin have been reported. These returns, which are taking place in response to the improved security situation, have been relatively high in the Haute-Kotto and Nana-Gribizi prefectures. 

    Recommended citation: FEWS NET. Central African Republic Key Message Update January 2024: Seasonal increase in population displacements due to localized flooding, 2024.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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