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Income-earning opportunities remain limited

  • Key Message Update
  • Central African Republic
  • April 2019
Income-earning opportunities remain limited

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • The signing of the February peace agreement between the government and 14 armed groups, and the signing of the Bria agreement in April between six armed groups, could continue to reduce levels of violence. These agreements are supported by the formation of an inclusive government and the continuation of stakeholder consultations, with the support of the international community. Nevertheless, violent incidents against civilians have continued in the January-March quarter, including 70 incidents that affected humanitarian actors. These incidents are most prevalent in the sub-prefectures of Bambari, Batangafo, Bria, and Kaga-Bandoro, and continue to drive Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse outcomes.

    • Although restrictions on population movements due to conflict are slowly improving, income-earning opportunities remain limited for displaced households and poor households during the ongoing lean season. Current sources of income are mainly derived from the sale of wild food products (fruits, honey) in rural areas and the practice of petty daily trade (masonry, carpentry, handicrafts) and transport activities (motorcycle, taxi) in urban areas. In a normal year, households would have obtained income from crop sales and market gardening in the dry season (from December to March) as well as informal jobs with traders. Households outside conflict areas are likely to be Stressed (IPC Phase 2).

    • At the beginning of the lean season, relative improvements in security have helped to improve food availability in local markets. Prices of cassava and oil are relatively stable, while rice prices are down slightly (9 percent) compared to April 2018. However, maize prices are up an average 14 percent. Despite improvements at the national level, atypical price increases compared to April 2018 are observed in areas affected by insecurity or poor road conditions, which limit the functioning of markets. In the Obo and Zemio markets (Haut-Mbomou prefecture), cassava and rice prices rose by 167 and 58 percent, respectively, in April. In the north, rising demand has also contributed to a 50 percent increase in maize prices in Ndélé (Bamingui-Bangoran prefecture) and Kaga-Bandoro (Nana-Gribizi prefecture).

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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