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Falling prices of agricultural products is negatively affecting producers’ incomes

  • Key Message Update
  • Cameroon
  • November 2019
Falling prices of agricultural products is negatively affecting producers’ incomes

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • Threats from Boko Haram continue to disrupt agropastoral activities in districts in the Far North bordering with Nigeria. In addition, the floods observed in the departments of Logone-et-Chari and Mayo Danay that affected 40,000 people according to OCHA, and the abnormal extension of the rainy season could locally negatively impact harvests and reduce areas for cultivation of dry season sorghum. Nevertheless, production is generally above the five-year average.

    • In the Far North, the ongoing harvests are the main source of food for households, including IDPs. They also supply markets and help keep prices below the five-year average by 39 percent for rainfed sorghum and 20 percent for maize. Even with higher yields, lower prices for cash crops, 12 percent for groundnuts and 29 percent for cowpeas, could limit household incomes. The combined effects of security threats, floods and declining incomes contribute to keeping livelihoods under pressure and acute food insecurity Stress (IPC Phase 2).

    • In the Northwest and Southwest regions, six weeks after the national dialogue, the conflict persists with the same intensity and remains marked by clashes, violence, kidnappings and the continued closure of business days. This negatively affects economic activities due to the drop in sales of agricultural products, the slow operation of agribusiness and transport sectors, limitations to the flows between rural areas and urban centers and the inadequate delivery of assistance for displaced people and host populations.

    • In these areas of the Northwest and Southwest, second season harvests of potato and beans began this month and are expected to continue in December for maize, rice, coffee and cocoa. These harvests will remain below the pre-crisis average because of reduced area cultivated and poor farm maintenance. While rural households are forced to sell their produce at low prices, in urban centers, prices are 30 to 50 percent higher and reduce food access for displaced and poor host households. With the reduction of purchasing power due to the loss of income and the low coverage humanitarian assistance, IDPs and the urban poor are exposed to Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food insecurity.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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