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Poor urban households are most affected by COVID-19 restrictions

  • Key Message Update
  • Cameroon
  • May 2020
Poor urban households are most affected by COVID-19 restrictions

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • As of May 22, COVID-19 has spread to all ten regions of Cameroon and around 4,288 cases have been confirmed throughout the country. Despite recent measures taken by the government to lift certain restrictions on social distancing (curfews, inter-urban movement, and the gathering of people), the opportunities to generate daily income continue to be below average and negatively affect access to food for poor and displaced households, especially in the large cities of Yaoundé and Douala which are in Crisis (IPC Phase 3).

    • Fear of contamination from the virus, social distancing measures and the closure of borders continue to disrupt the flow of imported goods such as rice and fish to the rest of the country from Douala and Yaoundé, as well as locally produced food. As a result, the prices of some staple goods are above their seasonal levels, especially in Yaoundé and Douala. However, this price increase is also due to speculation and the artificial shortage created by some wholesalers that the government is tracking down and penalizing.

    • In the Far North, Boko Haram attacks in the districts of Kolofata and Mora in March and April 2020 displaced approximately 7,780 people. On the other hand, the recent violence in the North-West and South-West regions in May 2020 left more than 25 dead and 2,800 displaced people in the departments of Mezam, Momo, Ngoketunjia and Bui. Also, the region recorded an increase in returns from the Littoral and the Cross-River State in Nigeria in April and May due to the drop in income in major cities associated with restrictions against COVID-19.

    • In the North West and South West regions, increasing insecurity caused by recent violence against civilians and clashes between armed groups continues to disrupt livelihood activities for poor households. In addition to increased insecurity, food stocks continue to run out during the lean season and staple food prices are at their seasonal peaks and remain above the same period last year. Household purchasing power remains low, as agricultural incomes remain below average due to low production. Poor host households and displaced populations will continue to face acute food insecurity in the Crisis (IPC Phase 3).

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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