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An early start and more difficult lean season likely in the Northwest and Southwest regions

  • Key Message Update
  • Cameroon
  • March 2019
An early start and more difficult lean season likely in the Northwest and Southwest regions

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • The additional dry season harvests in the Far North led to lower prices (10 percent for maize and 23 percent for sorghum) compared to the average, which facilitating poor households to consume a diet to similar normal. However, attacks and looting of Boko Haram or crop damage caused by floods and pachyderms (more than 850 ha) negatively affect the availability and access of food in households in the localities of concerned.

    • Although some cross-border trade corridors with Nigeria and Chad are open, insecurity and regular border control continue to slow down commodity transactions, especially outflows of cash crops (cowpeas, peanuts, onions) and livestock exports. The prices of these products are 10 to 15 percent below the five-year average. Thus, despite typical access to food, livelihoods are not yet replenished, exposing poor households to Stress (IPC Phase 2).

    • In the Northwest and Southwest regions, the deterioration of the socio-political situation, especially during the second agricultural season, decreased access of farmers to their fields. Thus, the lack of maintenance and fertilization of the fields and the reduction of the supervision of the producers, contributed to the decrease in stable food production and the production of exportable commodities (cocoa, coffee). With the ongoing conflict, the decline in producer support will likely continue to negatively impact the performance of the first season.

    • With the introduction of so-called "dead" days, restricting motorized travel and systematic checks along the roads by unidentified gunmen, food prices are increasing in the most markets with a significant increase in urban centers. The malfunctioning of agribusiness firms has reduced the demand for cocoa and coffee, and some producers prefer to sell their products to approved buyers in Nigeria who offer higher prices than their domestic counterparts. Overall, low production and incomes, fluctuating commodity prices, and inadequate food assistance, particularly in the North West, lead to early and more difficult lean season exposing poor households and IDPs to Crisis (IPC Phase 3).

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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