Key Message Update

Increase in Boko Haram incursions in the Far North and persistence of the conflict in Anglophone regions

January 2020

January 2020

La classification la plus élevée au niveau de la zone sera Crise (Phase 3 de l'IPC)

February - May 2020

La classification la plus élevée au niveau de la zone sera Crise (Phase 3 de l'IPC)

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • The 2019/2020 agricultural season was satisfactory in most of the country, yielding average to above average production levels, except in the Northwest and Southwest regions and locally in the Far North districts bordering Nigeria. In local markets supply exceeds demand and producer prices are lower compared to last year. In September 2019, the price of maize was between 10 and 35 percent below last year’s prices in the North, East and Far North regions.

  • With the reduction of exports to Nigeria, the major urban centers of Douala and Yaoundé and neighboring countries have become the main destinationsof livestock and agricultural products. Overall, declining market demand is lowering prices andnegatively affecting producers' incomes. The demand for agricultural labor is also reduced in conflict zones. Gas shortages observed in the past months in several regions have led to an intensification of wood and charcoal production. However, the income earned is not enough to compensate for the overall decline in income of poor households who are likely to suffer from declining purchasing power.

  • The security situation remains precarious in the Far North, Northwest and Southwest regions. In the past three months, there has been a resurgence of Boko Haram incursions in the Far North and looting of crops, livestock and businesses negatively affects people's livelihoods. In December 2019, OCHA registered 5,500 new IDPs in the Northwest and Southwest due the continued clashes between government security forces and the separatist armed groups. An increase in tensions is expected in the coming months with the call to boycott the elections scheduled for February and the imposition of a series of “ghost town days” in the region.

  • Humanitarian assistance, though sometimes interrupted due to insecurity, reached 48 percent and 19 percent of IDPs in the Northwest and Southwest, respectively, in December. In the urban centers of these regions, the decline in purchasing power and the high level of basic food prices reduce food access for IDPs and poor households, thus exposing them to Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes. In the Far North, assistance was planned for 18.5 percent of IDPs and 72.5 percent of flood victims in December. Overall, the region will remain Stressed (IPC Phase 2), with some poor households that were victims of flooding and Boko Haram incursions in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) in the absence of assistance. The rest of the country will remain in Minimal (IPC Phase 1) food insecurity until May 2020.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics