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Increase in Boko Haram incursions in the Far North and persistence of the conflict in Anglophone regions

  • Key Message Update
  • Cameroon
  • January 2020
Increase in Boko Haram incursions in the Far North and persistence of the conflict in Anglophone regions

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • The 2019/2020 agricultural season was satisfactory in most of the country, yielding average to above average production levels, except in the Northwest and Southwest regions and locally in the Far North districts bordering Nigeria. In local markets supply exceeds demand and producer prices are lower compared to last year. In September 2019, the price of maize was between 10 and 35 percent below last year’s prices in the North, East and Far North regions.

    • With the reduction of exports to Nigeria, the major urban centers of Douala and Yaoundé and neighboring countries have become the main destinationsof livestock and agricultural products. Overall, declining market demand is lowering prices andnegatively affecting producers' incomes. The demand for agricultural labor is also reduced in conflict zones. Gas shortages observed in the past months in several regions have led to an intensification of wood and charcoal production. However, the income earned is not enough to compensate for the overall decline in income of poor households who are likely to suffer from declining purchasing power.

    • The security situation remains precarious in the Far North, Northwest and Southwest regions. In the past three months, there has been a resurgence of Boko Haram incursions in the Far North and looting of crops, livestock and businesses negatively affects people's livelihoods. In December 2019, OCHA registered 5,500 new IDPs in the Northwest and Southwest due the continued clashes between government security forces and the separatist armed groups. An increase in tensions is expected in the coming months with the call to boycott the elections scheduled for February and the imposition of a series of “ghost town days” in the region.

    • Humanitarian assistance, though sometimes interrupted due to insecurity, reached 48 percent and 19 percent of IDPs in the Northwest and Southwest, respectively, in December. In the urban centers of these regions, the decline in purchasing power and the high level of basic food prices reduce food access for IDPs and poor households, thus exposing them to Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes. In the Far North, assistance was planned for 18.5 percent of IDPs and 72.5 percent of flood victims in December. Overall, the region will remain Stressed (IPC Phase 2), with some poor households that were victims of flooding and Boko Haram incursions in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) in the absence of assistance. The rest of the country will remain in Minimal (IPC Phase 1) food insecurity until May 2020.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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