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Despite the offensive by the Defense and Security Forces (FDS), militant armed groups continue to demonstrate their capacity to cause harm by multiplying ambushes and incidents throughout the country and maintaining a blockade on Soum, Loroum, Yagha, and Kompienga provinces, and the communes north of Oudalan. Earlier this month, the military escort made approximately 1,000 tons of food available for the commune of Djibo. Still, this quantity is insufficient to cover needs for a long time to prevent the practice of extreme consumption strategies by host households and IDPs who remain at risk of acute food insecurity (IPC Phase 4). In addition, the food security survey (ENISAN) results conducted in October indicate the possibility of people being in a Catastrophic (IPC Phase 5) situation, particularly in Soum province.
New crops are the main source of food and income for poor households in the country’s relatively quiet southern and western parts. They allow poor households to have typical access to food. Although the forecasted results of the agricultural season indicate an overall stable cereal production compared to the average, in the blockaded areas, most host households and IDPs do not have more than three months of food stocks. Due to the erosion of their assets, they will depend on food assistance from February onwards, the delivery of which will remain sporadic, and rations will remain below needs.
The supply of local grain to markets remains below average. During this harvest period, when farm households typically sell grain, they are more likely to sell cash crops in favor of retaining stocks. Overall, grain prices remain atypically high compared to the five-year average: 56 percent for maize, 79 percent for sorghum, and 84 percent for millet. Insecurity continues to prevent the supply of markets in the far north of the country. In the Djibo market, in particular, the shortage recorded in October caused new price records with five-year variations reaching 330 percent for maize, 393 percent for millet, and 334 percent for sorghum.
This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.