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Humanitarian assistance remains an important source of food in northern Burkina Faso

  • Key Message Update
  • Burkina Faso
  • January 2024
Humanitarian assistance remains an important source of food in northern Burkina Faso

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • Following the suspension of humanitarian aid cargo flights to Djibo in mid-October, significantly reducing food assistance coverage in November, a government convoy carrying government food assistance helped mitigate consumption gaps at the end of 2023. At the beginning of January, WFP humanitarian aid flights resumed, and key informants indicate that the resumption of this assistance, coupled with stocks from the government's December distribution, helps to reduce significant consumption deficits. Nevertheless, to extend the duration of their stocks, IDPs and poor households continue to limit both the quantities and the number of daily meals. Furthermore, since December, there has been a relative calm around the city of Djibo after the army intensified its operations in the area against armed terrorist groups (ATGs), providing households with more opportunities to collect firewood.
    • In January, a large part of the population is consuming mainly humanitarian aid, although the extent of coverage is difficult to estimate given the likely departures from the town and the common practice of widespread sharing. However, reports indicate that households continue to limit the quantity and number of meals, and that visible signs of malnutrition persist among the population. Given that the blockade has lasted for almost two years, many households liquidated their assets at the start of the crisis. While humanitarian aid is an important source of food for the population of Djibo, its implementation remains hampered by logistical and security constraints. Sufficient and regular assistance must be maintained to prevent the population of Djibo from facing a worse situation between February and May. 
    • In other hard-to-reach localities in the Sahel region (Kelbo, Arbinda, Sebba, Gorom-Gorom, and Markoye) and the North (Titao and Sollé), assistance remains a main source of food as the marginal harvests from their own production are finished. While waiting for the interventions to take effect, key informants indicate that a large part of the population has received food to cover at least one month's needs, particularly in the municipalities of Arbinda, Kelbo, Sebba, Gorom-Gorom, and Markoye. In Titao, market gardening production is an important source of food for the majority of the population, but the income from selling these products and the transfers received from relatives are insufficient to access basic cereals on the market.
    • On the country's main markets, the prices of basic cereals slightly decreased in December compared to the same period last year. However, compared to the five-year average, they show average increases of between 20 and 40 percent. Atypical price variations exceeding 100 percent continue to persist, particularly in hard-to-reach markets such as Sebba and Kompienga. The terms of trade for livestock/cereal are favorable for livestock farmers, except in the Gorom-Gorom market, which is less frequented by buyers, where they have deteriorated by 94 percent compared to the average.

    Recommended citation: FEWS NET. Burkina Faso Key Message Update January 2024: Humanitarian assistance remains an important source of food in northern Burkina Faso, 2024.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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