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Food assistance remains essential for the survival of poor households in Djibo.

  • Key Message Update
  • Burkina Faso
  • May 2023
Food assistance remains essential for the survival of poor households in Djibo.

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • In areas under blockade, where access to markets is difficult and people's assets are being eroded, food assistance has become essential for survival. It has been particularly important in the municipality of Djibo since March, with average monthly coverage reaching over 50 percent of the population and targeting at least 50 percent of their needs. Despite this, the majority of IDPs and poor host households continue to have significant consumption gaps, in an attempt to preserve the aid received for as long as possible.  At least 20 percent of them continue to show visible signs of malnutrition and remain exposed to Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity. In the municipalities of Arbinda, Kelbo, Sebba, Solhan, Bourzanga, Sollé, Markoye, and Gorom-Gorom, a subset of the population is likely to be in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5).

    • In the north of Oudalan province, atrocities perpetrated by terrorist groups over the past month have led to the displacement of people from the Oursi municipality to the town of Gorom-Gorom, which already accounted for almost a third of the province's population at the end of March.  Food assistance reaches less than 20 percent of the population. What's more, no food aid has been delivered to Markoye since the beginning of the year. As a result, women are forced to travel longer distances and spend more than a day in the bush in search of firewood for sale and wild leaves.  In addition to the food deficit, these long distances exhaust them physically. Extreme deficits also force the elderly to reduce physical activity, and children often cry for lack of food.

    • The ongoing offensive by the Defense and Security Forces (FDS) and Volunteers for the Defense of the Homeland (VDP) against the terrorist groups is prompting the latter to step up punitive actions against the civilian population, whom they accuse of complicity.  In addition to controlling and attacking the main supply routes in the Sahel, North, Centre-North, East, Centre-East and Boucle du Mouhoun regions, the terrorist groups are attempting to prevent households from accessing their fields for future farming activities. Also, localities in the western production zones of the country, which were previously calmer, are facing an increase in the number of IDPs, most of whom live in host households with whom they share resources. This is leading to an early depletion of their stocks, exposing them to a longer and more difficult lean season.

    • Insecurity continues to disrupt internal flows of agricultural and livestock products, and to limit the functioning of markets overall. In April, prices of the main cereals were slightly below those of 2022 at the same period, but still 30-50 percent higher than the five-year average. In blockaded areas, certain essential products (millet, oil, soap, tea) are experiencing shortages. On the Sebba and Djibo markets, for example, atypical variations of between 100 and 200% compared with the average have been recorded for millet, sorghum and maize. The Sebba market has just been supplied by escort after more than 4 months, and Djibo was last supplied at the end of March.

    Recommended citation : FEWS NET. Burkina Faso. Key Messages: Food assistance remains essential for the survival of poor households in Djibo. 2023.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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