Key Message Update

Increase in insecurity along the north and eastern border

May 2021

May 2021

June - September 2021

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Concentration of displaced people
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Concentration of displaced people
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Concentration of displaced people
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Attacks perpetrated by non state armed groups, particularly in the border areas of the north (Koumbri, Seytenga, Tin-Akoff, Déou and Markoye), the north-east (Mansila, Foutouri) and the east (Matiacoali), thus increasing the number of new displaced persons. The strengthening of the military presence has led to the withdrawal of jihadist groups towards these regions where they carry out killings, kidnappings, looting and destruction of property in order to dissuade communities from adhering to the establishment of Volunteers for Defense of the Fatherland (VDP). Between April 1 and May 7, 68 incidents, 138 killings and more than 18,000 new displaced persons were recorded in the country and mainly in these areas.

  • The prices of basic grains remain 20 to 35 percent higher than last year and 10 to 20 percent above the five-year average due to the early depletion of household stocks in the areas affected by insecurity, but also more important cereal outflows towards Niger. In the border communes in the far north and east subject to recurrent incursions by jihadist groups, greater upward variations are recorded due to strong pressure from IDPs and host households in markets that are poorly supplied. In the Arbinda market, for example, the price of millet is 34 percent above the five-year average.

  • In the main livestock markets in the north of the country (Kaya, Djibo, Dori and Gorom-Gorom), the additional demand for animals for the Ramadan festival has helped keep the prices of small ruminants 15 to 49 percent above the average, except for ram on the Gorom-Gorom market which is near average. The supply of small ruminants have particularly increased in the Gorom-Gorom and Kaya markets, respectively by 14 percent and 39 percent compared to the average due to destocking by IDPs and host households to respond to the early depletion of food stocks. The terms of trade goat / grain remain favorable to pastoralists.

  • In the northern half of the country, poor households, whose livestock capital is significantly reduced due to looting or excessive sales, have increased the sale of hay and firewood. However, daily income has halved compared to normal. Moreover, insecurity limits gold mining activities. In areas most affected by insecurity, IDPs and poor host households are forced to reduce both the quality and quantity of food as well as the number of meals per day and are anticipated to be facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3).

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics