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Insecurity is leading to an accelerated increase in internal displacement

  • Key Message Update
  • Burkina Faso
  • May 2019
Insecurity is leading to an accelerated increase in internal displacement

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • Following the accelerated deterioration of the security situation, there are now 161,217 internally displaced persons (OCHA/CONASUR, 6 May 2019) in Burkina Faso, twice as many as at the beginning of the year. These displacements occurred mainly in the Sahel and North Central regions, where armed groups have increased their abuses against civilians with an average of more than 30 incidents per month. In Soum and northern Sanmatenga provinces, displaced persons represent about 19 percent of the population, and who are dependent on humanitarian assistance, which has covered 32 percent of their population in the past two months. Households in these areas (IDPs and hosts) are in Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!) and without this assistance, they will be in Crisis (IPC Phase 3). However, their numbers are not enough to change the area phase classification.

    • In the far north of the country, local markets are no longer regularly supplied from the country's usual areas because despite changing their routes, transporters are often blocked in Dori, waiting for the axes to be secured. Nevertheless, prices of basic foodstuffs remain similar or below the five-year average, partly favored by humanitarian assistance in areas with a high presence of IDPs, and due to the higher production over the past season in areas where households have access to their stocks. In the central livestock markets of Dori and Djibo, which are functioning quite well, the terms of trade between goats and millet have improved by 25 percent in Djibo but have deteriorated by 19 percent in Dori compared to the five-year average.

    • In addition to forced displacement, repeated threats from armed groups prevent households from their usual livelihoods and income-generating activities such as gold panning, livestock trading and petty trade. Similarly, humanitarian actors have increasingly limited access to areas with a high presence of IDPs, which could hinder the implementation of actions planned for the lean season in the coming months. 

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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