Key Message Update

Insecurity increases migration to southern regions and coastal countries

March 2020

March - May 2020

Carte des Résultats de la sécurité alimentaire estimés de février à mai 2020: Crise (Phase 3 de l'IPC) est la plus severe phase de l'insecurite alimetnaire aigue dans le pays, mais les locations des PDIs indique dans la carte sont en plupart en Stress (Phase 2 de l'IPC) ou Stress ! (Phase 2! de l'IPC) avec l'assistance humanitaire courant et planifier.

June - September 2020

Carte des Résultats de la sécurité alimentaire estimés de juin à septembre 2020 : Crise (Phase 3 de l'IPC) est la plus severe phase de l'insecurite alimetnaire aigue dans le pays, mais les locations des PDIs indique dans la carte sont en plupart en Stress (Phase 2 de l'IPC) ou Stress ! (Phase 2! de l'IPC) avec l'assistance humanitaire courant et planifier.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Concentration of displaced people
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Concentration of displaced people
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Concentration of displaced people
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Security incidents are ongoing and increasing in the country. In the past month, 48 incidents have affected 15 out of 45 provinces, leading to an increase of about two percent in the number of internally displaced populations since February to 779,741 (CONASUR, 29 February 2020). In the more insecure northern areas, 70 to 80 percent of households depend on one or two sources of income, including the sale of livestock and/or gold panning. However, limited access to gold panning sites and the loss of animals due to looting by armed groups is constraining these activities and leading to an increase in seasonal migration to the southern regions of the country or to coastal countries in search of paid work.

  • Local markets continue to be disrupted, especially in the northern border communities. Insecurity and the abandonment of these areas by local populations discourages traders from supplying these markets. On the other hand, the main markets in the urban centers, around which the IDPs are concentrated, remain fairly well supplied with basic foodstuffs from the inflows from the calmer production areas in the west. Food assistance is helping to reduce household demand, and prices are generally stable or decreased by 10 to 20 percent compared to the five-year average

  • Among host households in more insecure areas, stocks from own production are depleting, leading to an increased dependence on markets and humanitarian food assistance. Assistance delivered in the last three months remains low, except in Soum and Sanmatenga Provinces, where it reaches 30 and 22 percent of the population respectively. This forces households to reduce the quantities and number of meals consumed. According to the food consumption score (FCS) results from the national survey (SAP/ENISAN, January 2020), food consumption remains poor or limited, affecting more than 50 percent of households in these areas.

  • Thanks to the humanitarian food assistance provided, IDPs and poor host households in Sanmatenga and Soum are experiencing Stressed (IPC Phase 2!).  On the other hand, poor households in the other provinces of the Centre-North and Sahel Regions and the neighboring provinces of Loroum and Komandjoari remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3). The calmer parts of the country remain in Minimal (IPC Phase 1).

  • COVID-19, which is continuing to spread in Burkina Faso with 246 confirmed cases and 12 deaths recorded as of 29 March according to the Government Information Service (GIS), has prompted the authorities to take restrictive measures. These include: the introduction of curfews from 7 p.m. to 5 a.m., banning the inter-city transport of people, the immediate quarantine of any town with at least one confirmed case (10 towns currently affected), and the closure of 36 main markets in the capital, and the country's main livestock markets. In addition to the loss of these activities, this prevents many households from generating income. In the immediate term, these measures will lead to an increase in household food vulnerability, particularly the 53 percent of self-employed workers in the informal sector, 90 percent of whom are affected by the incidence of poverty (INSD, 2014). 

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics