Key Message Update

Stressed food consumption in the far north of the country

March 2019

March - May 2019

Minimal (IPC Phase 1) throughout the country

June - September 2019

Stressed (IPC Phase 2)

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • With an average of 32 security incidents per month over the past three months, abuses by armed groups continue to deteriorate the security situation in the country. More than 115,000 people are displaced in the northern half of the country, 39 percent of whom are in Soum province in the Sahel region. While last season's higher harvests allow non-displaced households to have two meals a day as usual, IDPs remain dependent on the market and the assistance of host families and humanitarian assistance.              

  • In the provinces of Séno, Soum and Oudalan, Sahel region, in particular, households are using stress level livelihood strategies to access food (EFSA, February 2019). Income comes mainly from the sale of small ruminants, but is negatively affected by their fall in prices, especially in border communes, which are less and less frequented by buyers. In addition, the atypical increase in livestock feed prices (about 31 percent above average) also negatively affects their purchasing power during this pastoral lean season.

  • With the exception of markets in northern localities and border areas with Mali and Niger, the country's other markets have an average or above-average level of supply thanks to cereal production that is about 17 percent higher than the five-year average. Overall, commodity prices are stable compared to the five year average. 

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics