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Stressed (IPC Phase 2 !) food insecurity in the north of the country thanks to ongoing assistance

  • Key Message Update
  • Burkina Faso
  • July 2018
Stressed (IPC Phase 2 !) food insecurity in the north of the country thanks to ongoing assistance

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • Notwithstanding the seasonal rainfall totals between 1 April and 10 July, which were generally low over most of the country, the good spatial distribution of rainfall during the first dekad of July has led to an intensification of semi-seasonal labor. In the southern half of the country, phytosanitary surveys surveyed more than 17,000 ha of mainly maize and sorghum crops attacked by Fall Armyworm with an average infestation rate of 60 percent. Only 40 percent of these areas benefited from chemical treatment due to insufficient pesticides. In addition, there is an upsurge of bovine foot-and-mouth disease in all regions with a morbidity rate exceeding 8 per cent.

    • Food distribution and subsidized grain sales operations favor the marketing of food stocks leading to an average supply on markets. Nevertheless, compared to the average of the past five years, basic grain prices continue to rise, averaging 16 percent for maize, 26 percent for millet and 22 percent for sorghum. Atypical rises exceeding 30 percent are observed in a few markets in the areas of high production (Djibasso, Douna, N'Dorola, Faramana, Diapaga) as well as in the structural deficit areas of the north (Dori, Gorom-Gorom, Titao, Gayéri).

    • Ongoing food assistance (food distribution by WFP and CONASUR, cash distribution by WFP, FAO and NGOs) is concentrated in livelihood zones 8; 7 and 5, respectively 37; 26 and 24 percent of poor households, and meets at least 92 percent of their needs. Thanks to these interventions and to the sale of subsidized cereals and the availability of green harvest products, the majority of poor households have access to two meals a day. However, because their dependence on markets was longer and more difficult this year, they sold more animals than usual. This limits their livelihoods and places them in Stressed (IPC Phase 2!).

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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