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Staple grain prices remain unusually high

  • Key Message Update
  • Burkina Faso
  • January 2018
Staple grain prices remain unusually high

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • Most poor households still have their own production to provide a normal diet. Producers, who are increasingly oriented towards the group sales of their products (the “warrantage system”), are cautious about putting their inventories on the market. As a result, supply in the market is weaker than usual and demand is stronger in response to institutional tenders. As a result, basic grain prices are rising, averaging a 9 percent increase for maize, 19 percent for millet, and 13 percent for sorghum, compared to the five-year average.

    • In the northern half of the country (Livelihood zones 5, 7 and 8), a structural deficit area that is supplied by the western regions, commodity price increases compared to the five-year average, reached 29 percent for millet in the Dori market, and 30 percent for sorghum in the Bogande market. Gold panning and market gardening, which have been undertaken by households since the end of the harvest, are providing some income due to the stable prices, per gram of gold (around 25,000 CFA francs), and per crate of tomatoes (20,000 CFA francs). This will favor average incomes for households.

    • The number of internally displaced persons continues to grow due to continued terrorist threats in the far north of the country. From about 5,000 displaced persons last November, the census in progress by the social services and their partners, indicates more than 8,000 displaced persons. This figure remains provisional because the census is still ongoing in some villages of the communes of Nassoumbou and Koutougou (in the province of Soum). In addition, the fodder deficit recorded in this area and in neighboring countries will put greater pressure on the resources around water sources and in areas further south.

    • In summary, self-production allows poor households to currently be in Minimal (IPC Phase 1). Terms-of-trade degradation due to atypically high cereal prices, may cause these households to experience Stressed (IPC Phase 2) as of April 2018, especially in Livelihood zone 8 in the far north. 

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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