Mozambique

Presence Country
November 2021

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

Países presenciales:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Países de monitoreo remoto:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pire
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans
l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.
Pour les pays suivis à distance par FEWS NET, un contour coloré est utilisé pour représenter la classification de l’IPC la plus élevée dans les zones de préoccupation.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

Pays de présence:
1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Pays suivis à distance:
1: Minimale
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pire
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans
l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
Pour les pays suivis à distance par FEWS NET, un contour coloré est utilisé pour représenter la classification de l’IPC la plus élevée dans les zones de préoccupation.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a CIF. A análise compatível com a CIF segue os protocolos fundamentais da CIF mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a CIF. A análise compatível com a CIF segue os protocolos fundamentais da CIF mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa CIF para representar a classificação mais alta da CIF nas áreas de preocupação.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

Países com presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Países sem presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa CIF para representar a classificação mais alta da CIF nas áreas de preocupação.

November 2021 - January 2022

February - May 2022

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
Key Messages
  • In November, at the start of the agricultural season, most households in rural areas face None (IPC Phase 1) or Stressed (IPC Phase 2) acute food insecurity outcomes. Households recovering from past shocks are likely to be Stressed (IPC Phase 2) due to below-average food stocks and increased dependence on market purchases. In Cabo Delgado, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes persist in conflict-affected areas. In urban and peri-urban areas, most poor households are likely Stressed (IPC Phase 2) as COVID-19 control measures and below-average economic activity impacts household purchasing power, with the most vulnerable households likely in Crisis (IPC Phase 3).

  • On November 12, 2021, the government officially launched the 2021/2022 agricultural season. The government projects that main staple food crops, cash crops, and livestock production will increase 4-29 percent compared to last year due to a favorable seasonal rainfall forecast and government investments like the SUSTENTA program. Overall, national and international forecasts anticipate average seasonal rainfall across much of the country, supported by a weak La Niña. As of November 20, 2021, the onset of rains has occurred across much of Maputo province and parts of the Zambézia and Tete provinces. Households in these areas are engaged in planting for the agricultural season. 

  • From September to October 2021, maize grain prices were relatively stable throughout Mozambique. However, a 13 percent increase in maize prices in Montepuez, Cabo Delgado province was recorded, likely reflecting seasonal price increases and a below-average supply of maize grain in areas impacted by conflict. In Mocuba and Mutarara markets, maize grain prices increased by 6 to 8 percent following seasonal trends; however, maize grain prices decreased by 5-8 percent in the Bárue, Chókwe, and Maxixe markets due to localized supply and demand dynamics. Maize grain prices in October 2021 were 6-26 percent below last year’s price; however, maize grain prices were 15-21 percent above last year’s prices in Manica and Montepuez markets, with prices in Maputo and Mutarara remaining similar to last year. Compared to the five-year average, maize grain prices in October had a mixed trend. Maize meal and rice prices have remained relatively stable throughout the country. 

  • In October, the Food Security Cluster partners provided humanitarian food assistance (HFA) to 28,000 people, following WFP delivering HFA to 925,000 people in September with a ration equivalent of 39 percent of daily kcals for September and October. Due to a lack of resources, WFP will continue to provide half monthly rations equivalent to 39 percent of daily kcals for November and December and anticipates around 935,000 IDPs and host families in Cabo Delgado, Niassa, and Nampula will likely require HFA through at least March 2022. However, the distribution of full rations is likely to resume in January 2022. Other humanitarian organizations are also providing HFA to accessible areas in coordination with the Food Security Cluster and district authorities.

  • Based on data from the International Organization for Migration Displacement Tracking Matrix (IOM DTM), between October 27 to November 23, around 3,000 to 6,200 people were recorded on the move each week. In November, around 5 percent cumulatively of the people on the move reported intending to return to their place of origin, with around 58 percent of people on the move intending to stay where they relocated. The main arrival districts in November are Mueda (58 percent of arrivals), Nangade (24 percent of arrivals), Ancuabe (18 percent of arrivals), and Montepuez (2 percent of arrivals). Around 52 percent of the reported IDPs in November are living with host communities. Most IDPs are still unable to produce their own food and rely on HFA and support from host communities for food.

  • Between December 2021 and March 2022, there is an increased likelihood of an above-average number of cyclone strikes in Mozambique given the likelihood of La Nina, positive SIOD, and official cyclone forecasts from Météo France La Réunion RSMC. The development of eight to 12 cyclonic events (tropical storms and cyclones) is likely, of which four to six may become tropical cyclones. The eastern half of the South-West Indian Ocean cyclone basin is still favored as the genesis area for cyclonic events. Most trajectories are likely to be oriented towards the west or southwest, potentially threatening or hitting the eastern Mozambican coastline. 

Food Security

Mozambique Food Security Classification (November 2021 - May 2022)

Near term (November 2021 - January 2022) food security outcomes and forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for medium term (February 2022 - May 2022) periods.

Downloads

Weather, Climate, and Agriculture

Seasonal Calendar

Markets & Trade

Price Bulletin
Cross Border Trade Report

Market Fundamentals Reports

Supply and Market Outlook

Livelihoods

Livelihood Zone Map
Seasonal Monitoring Calendar

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics