Malawi

Presence Country
March 2021

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

Países presenciales:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Países de monitoreo remoto:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pire
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans
l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.
Pour les pays suivis à distance par FEWS NET, un contour coloré est utilisé pour représenter la classification de l’IPC la plus élevée dans les zones de préoccupation.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

Pays de présence:
1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Pays suivis à distance:
1: Minimale
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pire
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans
l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
Pour les pays suivis à distance par FEWS NET, un contour coloré est utilisé pour représenter la classification de l’IPC la plus élevée dans les zones de préoccupation.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a CIF. A análise compatível com a CIF segue os protocolos fundamentais da CIF mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a CIF. A análise compatível com a CIF segue os protocolos fundamentais da CIF mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa CIF para representar a classificação mais alta da CIF nas áreas de preocupação.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

Países com presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Países sem presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa CIF para representar a classificação mais alta da CIF nas áreas de preocupação.

March - May 2021

This is a map of Malawi showing most of the country in Minimal (IPC Phase 1). The four main urban centers (Mzuzu, Lilongwe, Zomba, and Blantyre), some areas in southern Malawi, and one area in central Malawi are mapped in Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!), meaning that humanitarian assistance is preventing worse outcomes.

June - September 2021

This is a map of Malawi showing most of the country in Minimal (IPC Phase 1). Nsanje and Chikwawa districts in southern Malawi are mapped in Stressed (IPC Phase 2).

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
National Parks/Reserves
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
Key Messages
  • Food security conditions remain generally favorable as rural households begin to access food from the green harvests. In most areas, Minimal (IPC Phase 1) outcomes are expected to persist through at least September. In areas currently experiencing Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!) outcomes, transition to Stressed (IPC Phase 2) is expected in April as harvesting improves access to food, with further improvement to Minimal (IPC Phase 1) expected in May in southern areas and in May/June in central areas as households increasingly access food and income from own crop production. However, by August/September, area-level Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes are likely to re-emerge in Nsanje and Chikwawa districts due to the impacts of localized dry spells on crop production, while poor households in other areas impacted by dry spells (including in parts of Balaka, Neno, and Thyolo districts in southern Malawi and Kasungu district in central Malawi) are also likely to face Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes by this time.

  • According to Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security (MOAFS) first round production estimates, Malawi is expected to produce 4.4 million MT of maize, 42 percent above the five-year average. However, these estimates may be revised downward due to dry spells in some southern districts. Meanwhile, production of major cash crops is expected to be below average. According to March 2021 estimates from the Tobacco Commission, Malawi is expected to produce 122 million MT of tobacco (15 percent less than last year) against an estimated buyer demand of 132 million MT. According to a media statement by the MOAFS in March, production of cotton is expected to be around 70 percent below average due to ongoing challenges around access to inputs and marketing.

  • Prices of maize grain decreased atypically from January to February 2021, by 8 percent to 24 percent across MOAFS/FEWS NET monitored markets. Maize grain prices in February ranged from 123 to 200 MWK per kilogram, 43 to 53 percent below prices at the same time last year and 13 to 38 percent below five-year average levels. These price decreases at the peak of the lean season — when prices are normally highest — are likely due to above-average market supplies (following above-average 2019/20 production) and subsidized ADMARC sales that commenced in January.

  • Informal imports of maize grain decreased by 26 percent from January to February as the end of the marketing year approaches, likely at least partially due to declining prices in Malawi. However, import levels in February remained 123 percent above average. Most of the 5,012 MT of maize grain imported in February was from Zambia, through the Mchinji border. Meanwhile, informal exports of maize grain increased atypically by 43 percent, from 596 MT in January to 852 MT in February. This is also likely at least in part due to shifting price dynamics, though export levels in February remained 37 percent below average. Most February maize exports were transported into Mozambique through the Muloza and Kolowiko borders.

  • In urban areas, many low-income households who were previously facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes due to impacts of COVID-19 on income earning are currently expected to be facing Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!) outcomes in the presence of a three-month cash-based humanitarian assistance program that started in February. In March, the number of new COVID-19 cases reported daily has generally continued to decline. As a result, the government has continued to relax restrictions that were suppressing economic activity. Schools, airports, and borders are currently open, with enforcement of other measures eased. Overall, the business and work environment continues improving, increasing access to income for low-income households. As a result, Minimal (IPC Phase 1) outcomes are expected in urban areas in the July to September 2021 period. However, another increase in COVID-19 cases and control measures could change expectations for outcomes.

Food Security

Malawi Food Security Classification (March 2021 - September 2021)

Near term (March 2021 - May 2021) food security outcomes and forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for medium term (June 2021 - September 2021) periods.

Downloads

Markets & Trade

Price Bulletin
Cross Border Trade Report

Production & Trade Flow Maps

Supply and Market Outlook

Enhanced Market Analysis

Livelihoods

Livelihoods Zone Narrative

Livelihood Zone Map

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics