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Early dependence on market purchases observed in Southern Madagascar

  • Key Message Update
  • Madagascar
  • September 2017
Early dependence on market purchases observed in Southern Madagascar

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • In the South, markets are functioning well. Cassava, sweet potatoes and imported rice are the main food crops being sold on the markets in September. Prices are stable for cassava and sweet potatoes but are slightly higher for imported rice. One kilo of cassava and sweet potatoes costs around 400 Ariary on average whereas imported rice is sold at 1,750 Ariary. With these conditions, food is available on the markets and households are still able to access it. Communities anticipate that supplies of sweet potatoes will likely deplete earlier than usual, but cassava is likely to be available through November.

    • Increased consumption of less preferred foods such as red cactus, tamarind fruits, and shellfish have already been observed in Beloha and Beheloka communes. Most households are still consuming an adequate number of meals, but the size of meals eaten is reduced. Labor migration to Tulear, Fort Dauphin and gem stone mining areas such as Ilakaka have been observed. Overall, the types of livelihood coping being used is still normal for this time of year but households anticipate intensification of some coping strategies during the lean season, particularly an important increase in livestock sales. 

    • The Extreme South (MG 24) and Southwest Madagascar (MG 23) remain in Stressed (IPC Phase 2) despite the ongoing good harvest of cassava and potatoes which provides food and income for farmers.  Communities in MG 24 are slightly better off than those in MG 23, where coastal communities are worse off than inland communities. The lean season is expected to start in October for poor and very poor households, particularly in the commune of Beheloka where agricultural production failed and fishing production is reducing due to over-exploitation. The food security situation in the Southeast Madagascar slightly improved with the cash crop harvest which gives income to small farmers but remains in Stressed (IPC Phase 2) due to low availability of staple food and high food prices.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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