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Food security outcomes improve with the harvest in the short-term

  • Key Message Update
  • Southern Africa
  • June 2019
Food security outcomes improve with the harvest in the short-term

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes prevail in areas affected by conflict in DRC, cyclone affected areas of Mozambique and Zimbabwe, and areas significantly affected by the drought and the deteriorating macroeconomy in Zimbabwe. Although, as a result of the harvest in May, food security outcomes improved as households started consuming own foods in many parts of the region. As a result, Stressed (IPC Phase 2) and Minimal (IPC Phase 1) outcomes are present across most other parts of the region

    • In the June to September period, most poor households are likely to continue consuming own foods and engage in dry-season self-employment activities. Availability of these income sources are expected to be below average in Zimbabwe, Mozambique, and Lesotho, which were affected by cyclone and/or poor rainfall. As a result, most of the region is anticipated to continue facing Minimal (IPC Phase 1) and Stressed (IPC Phase 2). However, areas with a poor harvest, below average incomes, and/or affected by conflict are expected to be in Crisis (IPC Phase 3).  

    • Cereal availability, specifically for maize grain, in most markets is increasing as farmers sell own crops for income. Maize grain will continue to circulate freely from surplus to deficit areas across the region.  In countries with a significantly below average harvest, like Zimbabwe, atypically high levels of imports are anticipated from Zambia and South Africa. Maize grain prices are currently stable, although above the five-year average and last year’s prices in most markets. However, in Zimbabwe due to macroeconomic shocks, prices continue to significantly increase.

    • In DRC, livelihoods continue to be disrupted due to Ebola and conflict. There has been an increase number of attacks by armed groups in North Kivu. In addition, inter-ethnic clashes in South Kivu resulted in the displacement of over 20,000 households since the beginning of March. In Zimbabwe, the macroeconomy continues to deteriorate. In May fuel prices increased by nearly 50 percent and continued devaluation of the currency, continues to drive increases in food prices and transportation costs; decreasing the purchasing power of households.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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