Key Message Update

Normal start of agricultural season B in the north-eastern and central-eastern areas of the country

March 2020

March - May 2020

Carte des Résultats estimés les plus probables de la sécurité alimentaire, Février-Mai 2020 : Minimal (Phase 1 de l'IPC) dans Tshopo, Bas-Uele, et Haut-Uele; Stress (Phase 2 de l'IPC) dans Maniema, Sankuru, Lualaba, Haut-Lomami, Haut-Katanga, et parties de Kasai, Kasai-Central, Tanganyika, Sud-Kivu, Nord Kivu, et Ituri; Crise (Phase 3 de l'IPC) dans parties de Kasai, Kasai-Central, Tanganyika, Nord-Kivu, Sud-Kivu, et Ituri

June - September 2020

Carte des Résultats estimés les plus probables de la sécurité alimentaire, Juin-Septembre 2020  : Minimal (Phase 1 de l'IPC) dans Tshopo, Bas-Uele, et Haut-Uele; Stress (Phase 2 de l'IPC) dans Maniema, Sankuru, Lualaba, Haut-Lomami, Haut-Katanga, et parties de Kasai, Kasai-Central, Tanganyika, Sud-Kivu, Nord Kivu, et Ituri; Crise (Phase 3 de l'IPC) dans parties de Kasai, Kasai-Central, Tanganyika, Nord-Kivu, Sud-Kivu, et Ituri

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Not mapped
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners. FEWS NET only maps the Eastern half of DRC.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Not mapped
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners. FEWS NET only maps the Eastern half of DRC.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Not mapped
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Agricultural season B activities have resumed normally in the northeast and east-central areas of the country, helped by normal rainfall that is predicted by NOAA to continue normally between March and May 2020. Planting will be on time for the main food crops including maize, groundnuts and beans. The south-eastern zone is currently starting its main cropping season of the year. Harvests are expected to be average in except in the current conflict areas.

  • Like the northeastern provinces of the country, Maniema province has experienced an escalation of violence since February 2020, following clashes between FARDC and various armed groups, which resulted in the displacement of nearly 47,000 people in the territories of Kabambare and Kasongo, in the middle of the agricultural season A harvest. This situation will likely make conditions difficult for people displaced by this violence who will not be able to start agricultural season B.

  • The COVID-19 pandemic continues and the number of confirmed cases for the DRC stands at 98 as of March 30, according to WHO. In response to the many cases in the country and fears of further spread, the DRC government has suspended many international flights, closed schools, and banned gatherings of more than 20 people. There has been no significant change in poor households' access to food and income to date. FEWS NET continues to monitor the situation closely, including whether any movement restrictions would negatively impact the ability of households to engage in agricultural season B.

  • In this month of March, which marks the beginning of the lean season in the north-east and central-east of the country, after a slightly below-average agricultural season, the provinces in conflict (Ituri, North Kivu, South Kivu, and Tanganyika) will  be in Crisis (Crisis IPC Phase 3) while the rest of the provinces will be in Stressed (IPC Phase 2), with the exception of the northern provinces, which are almost stable and remain in Minimal (IPC Phase 1).

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics