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Severe flooding in the Center-East could lead to significant crop losses

  • Key Message Update
  • Democratic Republic of Congo
  • January 2020
Severe flooding in the Center-East could lead to significant crop losses

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • Widespread flooding in much of the east-central region of the DRC significantly disrupted the agricultural season A crop cycle, particularly for maize and groundnuts. As a result, harvests are expected to be lower than normal due to the losses caused by the floods. This situation will have negative effects on local availability and could precipitate the peak of the lean season in early March instead of April.

    • Despite the significant return of IDPs to the Kasai region, which is estimated at 63 percent of the 1.6 million registered IDPs, according to UNHCR, the low level of assistance for agricultural inputs and other livelihood needs that were lost when these populations were displaced could lead to incomplete reintegration leading to local concerns that some remobilization of young people from the various regional militias may occur.

    • The nutritional situation at the national level remains a cause for concern. According to PRONANUT, in its final bulletin for 2019, 50 percent of alert situations were in the Kasai region, with a marked predominance in Kasai Central, which has nearly 75 percent of its health zones in alert.  Given the consecutive years of low agricultural production, there are concerns that the poor nutritional situation in these usually agriculturally deficit areas may continue. 

    • The resurgence of the cassava mosaic in 5 health zones (Katende, Muetshu, Lubunga and Benatshiadi) in Dimbelenge and Mutoto territories in Kasai Central, could contribute to serious crop losses in this deficit area, since cassava is the substitute food for maize, for which access is becoming increasingly limited due to atypical price variations observed since the last quarter of 2019.

    • In this month of January, which marks the start of the main harvests throughout the eastern part of the country, the north-eastern provinces, notably Bas-Uele, Haut-Uele and Tshopo, are in Minimum (IPC Phase 1), while a significant part of the central-eastern of the country, notably Sankuru, Maniema, and part of South Kivu, is in Stressed (IPC Phase 2). The provinces of Tanganyika, southern Kasai (Kamonya), and Central Kasai (Luiza) which are in a Crisis (IPC Phase 3). In addition, the provinces of Ituri and North Kivu also remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3).

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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