Relatório de monitoria remota

Improved rainfall could restore pastoralist patterns in the south

Março 2014
2014-Q1-1-1-AO-en

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a CIF. A análise compatível com a CIF segue os protocolos fundamentais da CIF mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a CIF. A análise compatível com a CIF segue os protocolos fundamentais da CIF mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa CIF para representar a classificação mais alta da CIF nas áreas de preocupação.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

Países com presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Países sem presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa CIF para representar a classificação mais alta da CIF nas áreas de preocupação.

As mensagens-chave

  • In February rainfall continued to improve in parts of eastern and northern Namibe, southern Huila and northeastern Cunene Provinces.

  • Although pastoralists are yet to return to their homesteads, overall out migration has decreased. Continued improvements in rainfall could improve pasture conditions and may result in more households returning to their homesteads in the coming months. If this occurs, household food insecurity could improve through livestock production and sales.

  • For poor households in Kwanza Sul, Namibe, and Cunene Provinces, government food assistance and supplies from neighboring Huila Province are their main sources of food. These provinces are expected to face Stressed (IPC Phase 2) acute food insecurity outcomes through June.

Zone Current Anomalies Projected Anomalies
Southern livestock, Millet and sorghum
  • Pastoralists are still moving out of their areas of origin. This is especially so in the areas of Virei and Tombwa in Namibe Province and Curoca in Cunene Province.
  • Significantly lower amounts of area planted are expected around homesteads where pastoralist households migrated from. Lower area planted during the main season is expected to reduce the availability of staple cereal after the upcoming harvest.
Coastal fish, horticulture and non-farm income
  • Lack of rainfall is forcing poor rural households living around Porto Amboim, in Kwanza Sul Province, to move towards the city.
  • The food security situation in Porto Amboim is expected to be complicated by this sudden migration of poor households into the city.

 

Projected Outlook Through June 2014

National

  • The government has increased the rate of acquisition of produce (mostly maize, tomatoes, beans and sorghum and millet) in the south under the Ministry of Commerce’s Acquisition of Agricultural Products program (PAPAGRO). PAPAGRO is intended to work as a semi-formal agricultural marketing board. Besides the usual functions, PAPAGRO provides subsidies to both producers and consumer. This program should immediately help to increase beans and maize prices for suppliers, while decreasing consumer prices. The surplus supplies from this program are intended to be used for strategic reserves and future price control of the food basket for an average household.
  • Despite overall improvements in rainfall patterns in much of the country, patterns in Porto Amboim have been deteriorating since January, forcing some poor households to abandon their small cultivated plots and seek refuge elsewhere. This movement is particularly notable in rural areas surrounding Porto Amboim. This migration of rural poor households into the city complicates the food security situation in the city and introduces further complications in distributing food assistance.
  • Porto Amboimis located in livelihood zone 1, an arid and semi-arid coastal area that receives on average around 75 mm of rainfall per year. Poor people in this area rely more on small livestock and fishing equipment as productive assets; and the poor consume mostly cassava, vegetables and fish. It is projected that the continued movement of poor households from the rural area might further complicate the food security situation in nearby cities.

Area of Concern: The Southern Livestock, Millet, Sorghum Livelihood zone

  • There have been improvements in rainfall in areas surrounding Virei in Namibe Province. Though rain is still very erratic and falling in low volumes, this might help re-establish normal transhumant patterns. Some households have started to return to their homesteads. This rainfall, though late, has lessened the number of households moving and reduced the distance traveled.
  • The food security situation continues to improve. However, the poor 2013 Nacas (flood recession) season and lower than expected 2013/14 main cereal harvest expected from May-June complicates the food access situation further. When transhumant households return, locally available food supplies are expected to be limited. Thus, it is expected that households in zone 1 of Kwanza Sul Province and in zone 3 of Namibe and Cunene Provinces will continue facing Stressed (IPC Phase 2) acute food security through June.

About Remote Monitoring
In remote monitoring, a coordinator typically works from a nearby regional office. Relying on partners for data, the coordinator uses scenario development to conduct analysis and produce monthly reports. As less data may be available, remote monitoring reports may have less detail than those from countries with FEWS NET offices. Learn more about our work at www.fews.net/our-work/our-work/scenario-development.

Acerca Del Monitoreo Remoto

Para el monitoreo remoto, típicamente un(a) coordinador(a) trabaja a través de la oficina regional más cercana. Con apoyo de datos de los socios, el(a) coordinador(a) utiliza el desarrollo de escenarios para llevar a cabo el análisis y producir los reportes mensuales. Es posible que los países de monitoreo remoto cuenten con menor información disponible y como consecuencia, los reportes tengan menos detalle que los países con presencia de FEWS NET. Para conocer más sobre nuestro trabajo, haga clic aqui.

About FEWS NET

A Rede de Sistemas de AlertaPrecoce de Fome é líder na provisão de alertas precoces e análises relativas à insegurança alimentar. Estabelecida em 1985 com o fim de auxiliar os responsáveis pela tomada de decisões a elaborar planos para crises humanitárias, a FEWS NET provê análises baseadas em evidências em cerca de 35 países. Entre os membros implementadores refere-se a NASA , NOAA, USDA e o USGS, assim como a Chemonics International Inc. e a Kimetrica. Leia mais sobre o nosso trabalho.

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