Monitoria dos Preços

November 2021 Global Price Watch

Novembro 2021

Fases de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda baseadas em IPC v3.0

1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a IPC. A análise compatível com a IPC segue os protocolos fundamentais da IPC mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.

Fases de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda baseadas em IPC v3.0

1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a IPC. A análise compatível com a IPC segue os protocolos fundamentais da IPC mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa IPC para representar a classificação mais alta da IPC nas áreas de preocupação.

Fases de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda baseadas em IPC v3.0

Países com presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Países sem presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa IPC para representar a classificação mais alta da IPC nas áreas de preocupação.

As mensagens-chave

  • In West Africa, cereal and legume market supplies increased in October with the onset of the main harvest. Supply, however, remained below average across much of the region due to below-average production in several countries and due to a limited release of stocks. Above-average demand was reported in most areas due to increased replenishment of trader and industrial stocks. Overall, prices decreased or were stable compared to September at above-average levels. Trade flows remained affected by lingering border restrictions and high transport costs. Conflict-related market disruptions were reported across parts of Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Chad, and Cameroon. 

  • In East Africa, staple food prices exhibited mixed trends. Maize and sorghum prices increased seasonably in Burundi, Sudan, and parts of Somalia as stocks tightened and demand increased in source markets. Prices remained stable in most markets in Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, South Sudan, and parts of Somalia due to the ongoing or imminent start of October-to-January harvests. Prices remained elevated across the region due to high inflation and below-average harvests. Livestock prices remained stable or declined because of poor rangeland conditions.

  • In Southern Africa, markets and the milling subsector are well-supplied, with maize following above-average production during the 2020/21 production year, except in Madagascar, where supply was below average. Price trends followed seasonal stable or increasing trends in October. Prices remained lowest in Malawi and South Africa. Although rainfall conditions are favorable at the start of the 2021/22 production season, high production costs may constrain production, especially in South Africa. While firm international commodity prices supported regional export earnings, many regional currencies continued to depreciate. 

  • In Central America, markets were well supplied and operating normally. Maize prices declined following primera harvests, while local bean prices were stable at average to above-average levels. Prices increased typically in El Salvador due to increasing fuel and transportation costs. In Haiti, fuel shortages, political unrest, and insecurity disrupted commercial activities. Local maize and black bean prices were stable at elevated levels while imported staple foods prices continued to increase. 

  • In Central Asia, wheat price trends varied. Wheat prices in Kazakhstan and Pakistan tracked international reference market trends, increasing further in October. Prices increased across Afghanistan with the depreciation of the AFN. In Yemen, prices remained above average due to protracted conflict and persistent depreciation of the YER. Price trends differed significantly between internationally recognized government (IRG) and Sana’a-based authorities (SBA) controlled areas.

  • International staple food markets remained well supplied.  Rice and maize prices were stable while wheat prices continued rising at elevated levels (Figure 2). Global crude oil and fertilizer prices, along with freight costs, reached five-year high levels. 

A Monitoria dos Preços oferece um resumo mensal e as perspectivas das tendências globais, regionais e nacionais, dos preços das principais mercadorias nos países da FEWS NET. A análise pode debater questões globais, como o preço dos combustíveis ou as taxas de câmbio, se forem susceptíveis de influenciar os preços dos alimentos básicos nos países da FEWS NET. O Anexo Price Watch junto detalha as tendências dos preços por país.

About FEWS NET

A Rede de Sistemas de AlertaPrecoce de Fome é líder na provisão de alertas precoces e análises relativas à insegurança alimentar. Estabelecida em 1985 com o fim de auxiliar os responsáveis pela tomada de decisões a elaborar planos para crises humanitárias, a FEWS NET provê análises baseadas em evidências em cerca de 35 países. Entre os membros implementadores refere-se a NASA , NOAA, USDA e o USGS, assim como a Chemonics International Inc. e a Kimetrica. Leia mais sobre o nosso trabalho.

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