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This Livelihood Zone Descriptions document includes the map and descriptions of livelihood zones in Tanzania based on secondary data reviews and workshops conducted in July-August 2008. The Livelihood Zone Descriptions product, sometimes called Livelihood Zoning Plus, provides points of reference for food security and livelihood monitoring against which conditions reported at a given time may justify more in-depth study. It is based on the traditional livelihood zoning component of the Household Economy Approach, which describes typical characteristics of the zone and provides seasonal calendars and food access calendars for poor households. In addition, some characteristics of socioeconomic status are explored through the juxtaposition of the relatively poorer and relatively better-off households, and common hazards and response strategies among poor households allow analysts to anticipate how households may be affected by various shocks. The descriptions provide a geographic context for interpreting existing monitoring data on production, prices, and other indicators in order to identify potential problems, whereas the zone map may be useful as a sampling frame for assessments.
Livelihood Zone Description accompanies a zone map, briefly describing the main characteristics of the livelihood patterns in that zone. The maps and descriptions, which identify relevant variables by geography, are useful in informing the development of monitoring systems.