Monitor Sazonal

Little to no rainfall across most of Somalia in mid-June

26 Junho 2019

Fases de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda baseadas em IPC v3.0

1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Concentração de pessoas deslocadas
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a IPC. A análise compatível com a IPC segue os protocolos fundamentais da IPC mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.

Fases de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda baseadas em IPC v3.0

1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a IPC. A análise compatível com a IPC segue os protocolos fundamentais da IPC mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa IPC para representar a classificação mais alta da IPC nas áreas de preocupação.

Fases de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda baseadas em IPC v3.0

Países com presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Concentração de pessoas deslocadas
Países sem presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa IPC para representar a classificação mais alta da IPC nas áreas de preocupação.
Parceiros: 
USGS

In the June 11-20 period, little to no rainfall was reported in nearly all regions of Somalia. According to satellite-derived rainfall estimate data (RFE2), localized Xagaa-like showers were reported in parts of Lower Shabelle, Lower and Middle Juba, and Bay regions in the South and in some coastal areas of Bari region (Figure 1). However, field reports indicated that moderate rainfall with average distribution fell in Sool region, although remote sensing data does not reflect this. The RFE2 data suggest that dry conditions in this reporting period is generally climatologically average compared to the short-term mean (Figure 2). Exceptions include the Northwest and localized areas in the Northeast, central regions, and the South that accumulated light deficits and a few pockets in the Shabelle and Jubas that accumulated surplus rainfall. The Juba and Shabelle river water levels are below average levels, but some localized, minimal flooding was reported in parts of Middle Shabelle.   

Situation

In the Northwest, only localized showers were observed by remote sensing imagery in Northwestern Agropastoral livelihood zone of Gabiley district in Woqooyi Galbeed in the June 11-20 period. Otherwise, no other rainfall was observed in Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, or Sanaag. However, moderate rains of average distribution, resulting in typical but localized and limited flash floods, were reported in Sool region according to field reports. 

In the Northeast, predominantly dry condtions were reported across Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug regions in the June 11-20 period, following moderate to heavy rainfall in early June. In Bari, some localized Xagaa showers were reported in coastal areas. No other rainfall was observed by satellite imagery or reported on the ground.

In central regions, a dry spell that first began in early June continued across both pastoral and agropastoral livelihood zones of Galgaduud and southern Mudug during the June 11-20 period. Cumulative rainfall in June has been minimal, which is likely to stagnate or reverse recent gains in rangeland resource availability and livestock conditions.     

In the South, rainfall was suppressed for the second consecutive 10-day period in most regions. No rains were reported in any livelihood zones of Bakool, Hiiraan, and Gedo and in most of Middle and Lower Shabelle, Middle and Lower Juba, and Bay. However, localized light to moderate showers were reported in coastal and adjacent inland areas of the Shabelle and Juba regions and in southern agropastoral zones of Bay region. Most rain gauge stations recorded little to no rainfall, but Afgoye and Janaale rain gauges recorded 17.5 mm and 13.5 mm, respectively. The Shabelle river water level started to slowly subside during the June 11-20 period, despite some episodes of limited flooding in parts of Middle Shabelle due to poor flood risk infrastructure. Both the Juba and Shabelle river water stages are below typical levels.  

The satellite-derived eMODIS Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) continues to show notable improvement from previous reporting periods although many areas of the South show slight vegetation deficits (Figure 3). Areas that are white are obscured by cloud cover. The seven-day rainfall forecast ending June 30th indicates that most of the country will continue to see little to no rainfall, with the exception of southern Lower Shabelle and upper Middle Juba regions where rainfall up to 30 mm is expected (Figure 4).  

For more rain gauge data, please, contact So-Hydro@fao.org or visit www.faoswalim.org.

Acerca Deste Relatorio

O monitor sazonal é produzido para cada uma das quatro regiões que a FEWS NET abrange durante a estação de produção. Este relatório actualiza os totais de precipitação, o impacto sobre a produção e as previsões a curto prazo. Produzido pelo cientista regional da FEWS NET USGS e pelo Gestor Técnico Regional da FEWS NET, é elaborado a cada 20 dias durante a estação de produção. Mais informações sobre o nosso trabalho aqui.

About FEWS NET

A Rede de Sistemas de AlertaPrecoce de Fome é líder na provisão de alertas precoces e análises relativas à insegurança alimentar. Estabelecida em 1985 com o fim de auxiliar os responsáveis pela tomada de decisões a elaborar planos para crises humanitárias, a FEWS NET provê análises baseadas em evidências em cerca de 35 países. Entre os membros implementadores refere-se a NASA , NOAA, USDA e o USGS, assim como a Chemonics International Inc. e a Kimetrica. Leia mais sobre o nosso trabalho.

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