África Oriental

Setembro 2020

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

Países presenciales:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Países de monitoreo remoto:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pire
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans
l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.
Pour les pays suivis à distance par FEWS NET, un contour coloré est utilisé pour représenter la classification de l’IPC la plus élevée dans les zones de préoccupation.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

Pays de présence:
1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Pays suivis à distance:
1: Minimale
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pire
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans
l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
Pour les pays suivis à distance par FEWS NET, un contour coloré est utilisé pour représenter la classification de l’IPC la plus élevée dans les zones de préoccupation.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a CIF. A análise compatível com a CIF segue os protocolos fundamentais da CIF mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a CIF. A análise compatível com a CIF segue os protocolos fundamentais da CIF mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa CIF para representar a classificação mais alta da CIF nas áreas de preocupação.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

Países com presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Países sem presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa CIF para representar a classificação mais alta da CIF nas áreas de preocupação.

Agosto - Setembro 2020

Outubro 2020 - Janeiro 2021

Fases de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda baseadas em IPC v3.0

Países com presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Parques e reservas
Países sem presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência humanitária em vigor ou programad
Não mapeado
Concentração de pessoas deslocadas – desloque o cursor sobre os mapas para ver as classificações de fases de segurança alimentar dos acampamentos na Somália, Sudão e Uganda.
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a IPC. A análise compatível com a IPC segue os protocolos fundamentais da IPC mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceiros nacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.
FEWS NET continues to monitor food security conditions in areas mapped in gray.
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa IPC para representar a classificação mais alta da IPC nas áreas de preocupação.
As mensagens-chave
  • Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse outcomes persist across the East Africa region, driven by protracted conflict, long-term macroeconomic challenges, weather shocks, the economic impacts of COVID-19, and desert locust. Most recently, severe flooding led to significant crop losses in riverine areas in Ethiopia, Sudan, South Sudan, and Somalia and affected over 2.5 million people across the entire region. Meanwhile, the economic slowdown continues to limit household income and food access – particularly in urban areas – despite the easing of COVID-19 containment measures and movement restrictions. At the same time, staple food prices are trending above average in Ethiopia, South Sudan, and Sudan, which is reducing household purchasing power. Desert locust also remains a threat, with reports of significant damage to meher crops in Amhara, Tigray, and Oromia regions in Ethiopia.

  • Food insecurity remains most severe in Yemen, South Sudan, and Sudan, where widespread Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Crisis! (IPC Phase 3!), and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes reflect unprecedented humanitarian food assistance needs. In these countries, many households face large food consumption gaps or are engaging in extreme coping strategies due to the impact of conflict and insecurity, high and rising staple food prices linked to sharp depreciation of local currencies, and significant crop and livestock losses resulting from ongoing flooding. In South Sudan, Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) is likely among some households in parts of Jonglei state, where conflict and two consecutive years of extensive floods have exhausted coping capacity. Famine (IPC Phase 5) is possible in a worst-case scenario in Yemen and in South Sudan.

  • According to UNHCR estimates in August, conflict and insecurity have dispaced an estimated 11.8 million people in Burundi, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, and Yemen. An additional 3.65 million refugees from these countries are sheltering in settlements in Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, and Tanzania. Most refugees and internally displaced populations have limited options to access food and income and are primarily dependent on humanitarian food assistance. However, funding shortfalls have led to significant ration cuts of 10-30 percent, with Kenya and Uganda facing cuts of up to 30 percent. Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!), Crisis (IPC Phase 3), and Crisis! (IPC Phase 3!) outcomes are prevalent in refugee and IDP settlements across the region, where a lack of livelihood options means household food security would rapidly deteriorate in the absence of food assistance.

  • The start of the main season harvests in September/October in Ethiopia, South Sudan, Sudan, and Karamoja sub region of Uganda are anticipated to somewhat alleviate the severity of food insecurity in some areas through early 2021. Several areas are anticipated to improve from Emergency (IPC Phase 4) to Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and from Crisis (IPC Phase 3) to Stressed (IPC Phase 2). However, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) is expected to persist in parts of Ethiopia and Sudan, while Crisis (IPC phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes are anticipated in South Sudan. Below-normal crop and livestock production and low household income will continue to constrain household food availability and access in the context of prevailing conflict and macroeconomic challenges.

  • A forecast of below-average rainfall from October to December in the eastern Horn of Africa will most likely lead to below-average harvests in January/February and deterioration in livestock production in pastoral areas, specifically in southern and southeastern Ethiopia, Somalia, and northern and eastern Kenya. Long-range forecasts also predict an elevated likelihood of a below-average March to May 2021 rainfall season, due to sea surface temperature anomalies and a waning La Niña in early 2021. Drought conditions associated with consecutive below-average rainfall seasons are expected to lead to low household food availability, suppressed household income, high food and water prices, and an increase in resource-based conflict and atypical pastoral migration. High food assistance needs are anticipated in this region through most of 2021.

Formas de vida

About FEWS NET

A Rede de Sistemas de AlertaPrecoce de Fome é líder na provisão de alertas precoces e análises relativas à insegurança alimentar. Estabelecida em 1985 com o fim de auxiliar os responsáveis pela tomada de decisões a elaborar planos para crises humanitárias, a FEWS NET provê análises baseadas em evidências em cerca de 35 países. Entre os membros implementadores refere-se a NASA , NOAA, USDA e o USGS, assim como a Chemonics International Inc. e a Kimetrica. Leia mais sobre o nosso trabalho.

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