FEWS NET is monitoring the multiple impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on acute food insecurity in the countries where we operate and will incorporate this analysis into our ongoing reporting.


Areas of Highest Concern

Motivo de preocupação

Conflict events have declined, but periodically affect trade, humanitarian access, and livelihoods. The loss of livelihood assets during the conflict has reduced household food and income sources and eroded coping capacity. Very poor macroeconomic conditions constrain household market access.

Current Observations

Thousands of people are fleeing inter-communal conflict in Jonglei State and the newly created Greater Pibor Administrative Area.

Motivo de preocupação

Protracted conflict has severely disrupted livelihoods and reduced income-earning. Food prices remain elevated and food access is inadequate for many households. Currently, 17 million people are in need of humanitarian food assistance.

Current Observations

Recently escalated conflict in Ma’rib, Al Jawf, and Sana’a has caused new displacements, while food imports through the Red Sea Ports declined in February for the fourth consecutive month. 

Motivo de preocupação

Boko Haram attacks continue in the northeast, and insecurity in the northwest and central states are causing displacement of households and limiting access to livelihoods. Over 2.5 million people are currently internally displaced in these regions.

Current Observations

Protracted conflict in northeast Nigeria is expected to continue to limit household access to food and livelihood activities.

Other Areas of Concern

Motivo de preocupação

Due to very poor macroeconomic conditions and the expected two consecutive poor seasons, atypically high humanitarian assistance needs are expected to continue throughout 2020.

Current Observations

The main harvest is anticipated to start in April/May, typically leading to widespread improvements in food security; however, due to the poor macroeconomy and consecutive years of drought, the harvest is expected to be significantly below average.

Motivo de preocupação

Consecutive years of poorly distributed rains and drought conditions and the likely poor 2019/20 rainy season is expected to lead to production losses and deteriorated livestock conditions for smallholders in parts of the region.

Current Observations

The harvest across much of Southern Africa, although late and below average, started in March improving household food access to own foods.

Motivo de preocupação

The deteriorating security situation is disrupting household access to livelihoods and markets. At least 1,200,000 people are displaced throughout the region.

Current Observations

Conflict has continued to lead to population displacement throughout the region. As of the end of February, nearly 800,000 people were displaced in Burkina Faso.

Motivo de preocupação

Ongoing conflicts in the Kasai region, North Kivu, South Kivu, Ituri, Maniema, and Tanganyika Provinces have caused continuing displacement and affected households’ abilities to access typical livelihood activities. 

Current Observations

The last Ebola patient was discharged on March 3rd, which may signal that the end of the epidemic is near.

Motivo de preocupação

The 2019 Deyr/short rains season was exceptionally above average, resulting in widespread river and flash floods. In some areas, this has slowed recovery from the previous 2018/19 and 2016/17 droughts. 

Current Observations

Although aerial control and biopesticide operations are underway, desert locust breeding continues in northern and central Kenya, Oromia and SNNPR regions of Ethiopia, and northwestern Somalia.

Areas of Highest Concern

País ou região Motivo de preocupação Observações atuais
South Sudan

Conflict events have declined, but periodically affect trade, humanitarian access, and livelihoods. The loss of livelihood assets during the conflict has reduced household food and income sources and eroded coping capacity. Very poor macroeconomic conditions constrain household market access.

Thousands of people are fleeing inter-communal conflict in Jonglei State and the newly created Greater Pibor Administrative Area.

Yemen

Protracted conflict has severely disrupted livelihoods and reduced income-earning. Food prices remain elevated and food access is inadequate for many households. Currently, 17 million people are in need of humanitarian food assistance.

Recently escalated conflict in Ma’rib, Al Jawf, and Sana’a has caused new displacements, while food imports through the Red Sea Ports declined in February for the fourth consecutive month. 

Nigeria

Boko Haram attacks continue in the northeast, and insecurity in the northwest and central states are causing displacement of households and limiting access to livelihoods. Over 2.5 million people are currently internally displaced in these regions.

Protracted conflict in northeast Nigeria is expected to continue to limit household access to food and livelihood activities.

Other Areas of Concern

País ou região Motivo de preocupação Observações atuais
Zimbabwe

Due to very poor macroeconomic conditions and the expected two consecutive poor seasons, atypically high humanitarian assistance needs are expected to continue throughout 2020.

The main harvest is anticipated to start in April/May, typically leading to widespread improvements in food security; however, due to the poor macroeconomy and consecutive years of drought, the harvest is expected to be significantly below average.

Southern Africa

Consecutive years of poorly distributed rains and drought conditions and the likely poor 2019/20 rainy season is expected to lead to production losses and deteriorated livestock conditions for smallholders in parts of the region.

The harvest across much of Southern Africa, although late and below average, started in March improving household food access to own foods.

Bordering areas of Burkina Faso, Niger, and Mali

The deteriorating security situation is disrupting household access to livelihoods and markets. At least 1,200,000 people are displaced throughout the region.

Conflict has continued to lead to population displacement throughout the region. As of the end of February, nearly 800,000 people were displaced in Burkina Faso.

DRC

Ongoing conflicts in the Kasai region, North Kivu, South Kivu, Ituri, Maniema, and Tanganyika Provinces have caused continuing displacement and affected households’ abilities to access typical livelihood activities. 

The last Ebola patient was discharged on March 3rd, which may signal that the end of the epidemic is near.

Horn of Africa

The 2019 Deyr/short rains season was exceptionally above average, resulting in widespread river and flash floods. In some areas, this has slowed recovery from the previous 2018/19 and 2016/17 droughts. 

Although aerial control and biopesticide operations are underway, desert locust breeding continues in northern and central Kenya, Oromia and SNNPR regions of Ethiopia, and northwestern Somalia.

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Peak needs 2018

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Os nossos Parceiros

A Rede de Sistemas de AlertaPrecoce de Fome é líder na provisão de alertas precoces e análises relativas à insegurança alimentar. Estabelecida em 1985 com o fim de auxiliar os responsáveis pela tomada de decisões a elaborar planos para crises humanitárias, a FEWS NET provê análises baseadas em evidências em cerca de 35 países. Entre os membros implementadores refere-se a NASA , NOAA, USDA e o USGS, assim como a Chemonics International Inc. e a Kimetrica. Leia mais sobre o nosso trabalho.

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