FEWS NET is monitoring the multiple impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on acute food insecurity in the countries where we operate and will incorporate this analysis into our ongoing reporting.


Areas of Highest Concern

Motivo de preocupação

Conflict events have declined, but periodically affect trade, humanitarian access, and livelihoods. The loss of livelihood assets during the conflict has reduced household food and income sources and eroded coping capacity. Very poor macroeconomic conditions constrain household market access.

Current Observations

Due to the rapid depreciation of the SSP, the price of a malwa (3.5 kg) of sorghum rose sharply in August, reaching 215-565 percent above the five-year average in Wau, Aweil, and Rumbek. 

Motivo de preocupação

Protracted conflict has severely disrupted livelihoods and reduced income-earning. Food prices remain elevated and food access is inadequate for many households. Currently, over 17 million people are in need of humanitarian food assistance.

Current Observations

The exchange rate continues to depreciate in the south, while high fuel prices are putting upward pressure on food prices. Meanwhile, an increase in desert locust presence is expected in the coming months according to FAO.

Motivo de preocupação

Boko Haram attacks continue in the northeast, and insecurity in the northwest and central states are causing displacement of households and limiting access to livelihoods. Over 2.5 million people are currently internally displaced in these regions.

Current Observations

According to the government, in early September, flooding in the northwestern parts of the country displaced thousands of people and destroyed crops; over 25 percent planted rice crops were destroyed.

Other Areas of Concern

Motivo de preocupação

Ongoing conflicts in North Kivu, South Kivu, Ituri, and Tanganyika Provinces have caused continuing displacement and affected households’ abilities to access typical livelihood activities.

Current Observations

Nearly 60 civilians were killed in new violence in Ituri Province in mid-September which is expected to lead to new waves of displacement in the region.

Motivo de preocupação

Due to very poor macroeconomic conditions and the expected two consecutive poor seasons, atypically high humanitarian assistance needs are expected to continue throughout 2020.

Current Observations

National annual inflation in August declined to 761 percent down from 838 percent in July driven mostly by the slowing depreciation rate of the ZWL. 

Motivo de preocupação

The deteriorating security situation is disrupting household access to livelihoods and markets. More than 3,000,000 people are displaced throughout the region.

Current Observations

As of early September, Burkina Faso has over 1 million IDPs – nearly three-quarters of all IDPs in the region according to UNHCR. 

Motivo de preocupação

The 2019 Deyr/short rains season was exceptionally above average, resulting in widespread river and flash floods. In some areas, this has slowed recovery from the previous 2018/19 and 2016/17 droughts. 

Current Observations

In Kenya, a WFP-led food security assessment in August confirmed atypically high Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes among households in informal settlements in Nairobi, Mombasa, and Kisumu.

Areas of Highest Concern

País ou região Motivo de preocupação Observações atuais
South Sudan

Conflict events have declined, but periodically affect trade, humanitarian access, and livelihoods. The loss of livelihood assets during the conflict has reduced household food and income sources and eroded coping capacity. Very poor macroeconomic conditions constrain household market access.

Due to the rapid depreciation of the SSP, the price of a malwa (3.5 kg) of sorghum rose sharply in August, reaching 215-565 percent above the five-year average in Wau, Aweil, and Rumbek. 

Yemen

Protracted conflict has severely disrupted livelihoods and reduced income-earning. Food prices remain elevated and food access is inadequate for many households. Currently, over 17 million people are in need of humanitarian food assistance.

The exchange rate continues to depreciate in the south, while high fuel prices are putting upward pressure on food prices. Meanwhile, an increase in desert locust presence is expected in the coming months according to FAO.

Nigeria

Boko Haram attacks continue in the northeast, and insecurity in the northwest and central states are causing displacement of households and limiting access to livelihoods. Over 2.5 million people are currently internally displaced in these regions.

According to the government, in early September, flooding in the northwestern parts of the country displaced thousands of people and destroyed crops; over 25 percent planted rice crops were destroyed.

Other Areas of Concern

País ou região Motivo de preocupação Observações atuais
DRC

Ongoing conflicts in North Kivu, South Kivu, Ituri, and Tanganyika Provinces have caused continuing displacement and affected households’ abilities to access typical livelihood activities.

Nearly 60 civilians were killed in new violence in Ituri Province in mid-September which is expected to lead to new waves of displacement in the region.

Zimbabwe

Due to very poor macroeconomic conditions and the expected two consecutive poor seasons, atypically high humanitarian assistance needs are expected to continue throughout 2020.

National annual inflation in August declined to 761 percent down from 838 percent in July driven mostly by the slowing depreciation rate of the ZWL. 

Bordering areas of Burkina Faso, Niger, and Mali

The deteriorating security situation is disrupting household access to livelihoods and markets. More than 3,000,000 people are displaced throughout the region.

As of early September, Burkina Faso has over 1 million IDPs – nearly three-quarters of all IDPs in the region according to UNHCR. 

Horn of Africa

The 2019 Deyr/short rains season was exceptionally above average, resulting in widespread river and flash floods. In some areas, this has slowed recovery from the previous 2018/19 and 2016/17 droughts. 

In Kenya, a WFP-led food security assessment in August confirmed atypically high Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes among households in informal settlements in Nairobi, Mombasa, and Kisumu.

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Peak needs 2018

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Os nossos Parceiros

A Rede de Sistemas de AlertaPrecoce de Fome é líder na provisão de alertas precoces e análises relativas à insegurança alimentar. Estabelecida em 1985 com o fim de auxiliar os responsáveis pela tomada de decisões a elaborar planos para crises humanitárias, a FEWS NET provê análises baseadas em evidências em cerca de 35 países. Entre os membros implementadores refere-se a NASA , NOAA, USDA e o USGS, assim como a Chemonics International Inc. e a Kimetrica. Leia mais sobre o nosso trabalho.

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