FEWS NET is monitoring the multiple impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on acute food insecurity in the countries where we operate and will incorporate this analysis into our ongoing reporting.


Areas of Highest Concern

Motivo de preocupação

Conflict events periodically affect trade, humanitarian access, and livelihoods. The loss of livelihood assets from conflict and floods has reduced household food and income sources and eroded coping capacity. Very poor macroeconomic conditions constrain household market access.

Current Observations

Food insecurity continues to worsen during the lean season, and southern Jonglei remains of highest concern. In Greater Equatoria, rainfall deficits are impeding first season planting. 

Motivo de preocupação

Protracted conflict has severely disrupted livelihoods and reduced income-earning. Food prices remain elevated and food access is inadequate for many households. Currently, over 17 million people are in need of humanitarian food assistance.

Current Observations

The number of daily reported COVID-19 cases increased rapidly throughout March. Enforcement of reinstated control measures in the south remains limited.

Motivo de preocupação

Boko Haram attacks continue in the northeast, and insecurity in the northwest and central states are causing displacement of households and limiting access to livelihoods. Over 2.5 million people are currently internally displaced in these regions.

Current Observations

Conflict increased in early march leading to an escalation in the rate of displacement and a decrease in humanitarian access. Populations still in areas of Dikwa LGA are of particular concern.  

Motivo de preocupação

In November, the significant uptick in conflict in Tigray due to tensions between the national and regional governments led to the disruption to the access of key income and food sources, such as labor migration and livestock sales. 

Current Observations

According to OCHA, while concerns over poor targeting and assistance not reaching those in greatest need, over 1.0 million have received a full food ration out of the 3.5 million who have received assistance in the Tigray region. 

Other Areas of Concern

Motivo de preocupação

Ongoing conflicts in North Kivu, South Kivu, Ituri, and Tanganyika Provinces have caused continuing displacement and affected households’ abilities to access typical livelihood activities.

Current Observations

The IPC workshop that took place in March 2021 indicates an increase in needs particularly in areas affected by conflicts. 

Motivo de preocupação

The ongoing macroeconomic crisis due to persistent low foreign currency reserves and increased USD shortages coupled with high import demand for essential food and non-food items is driving the rapid deterioration of the Sudanese pound.

Current Observations

Fuel and transport prices continue to remain high. Staple food prices are approximately 150-200 percent higher than last year and six times above the five-year average.

Motivo de preocupação

The deteriorating security situation is disrupting household access to livelihoods and markets. More than 3,000,000 people are displaced throughout the region.

Current Observations

Since the start of 2021, recent attacks in Niger and Burkina Faso have displaced over 21,000 people. 

Motivo de preocupação

Consecutive poor rainfall seasons including drought conditions for the 2020/21 season are expected to reduce agricultural production and food availability.

Current Observations

Despite slightly improved rainfall in February and March 2021, production prospects still remain poor.

Areas of Highest Concern

País ou região Motivo de preocupação Observações atuais
South Sudan

Conflict events periodically affect trade, humanitarian access, and livelihoods. The loss of livelihood assets from conflict and floods has reduced household food and income sources and eroded coping capacity. Very poor macroeconomic conditions constrain household market access.

Food insecurity continues to worsen during the lean season, and southern Jonglei remains of highest concern. In Greater Equatoria, rainfall deficits are impeding first season planting. 

Yemen

Protracted conflict has severely disrupted livelihoods and reduced income-earning. Food prices remain elevated and food access is inadequate for many households. Currently, over 17 million people are in need of humanitarian food assistance.

The number of daily reported COVID-19 cases increased rapidly throughout March. Enforcement of reinstated control measures in the south remains limited.

Nigeria

Boko Haram attacks continue in the northeast, and insecurity in the northwest and central states are causing displacement of households and limiting access to livelihoods. Over 2.5 million people are currently internally displaced in these regions.

Conflict increased in early march leading to an escalation in the rate of displacement and a decrease in humanitarian access. Populations still in areas of Dikwa LGA are of particular concern.  

Ethiopia

In November, the significant uptick in conflict in Tigray due to tensions between the national and regional governments led to the disruption to the access of key income and food sources, such as labor migration and livestock sales. 

According to OCHA, while concerns over poor targeting and assistance not reaching those in greatest need, over 1.0 million have received a full food ration out of the 3.5 million who have received assistance in the Tigray region. 

Other Areas of Concern

País ou região Motivo de preocupação Observações atuais
DRC

Ongoing conflicts in North Kivu, South Kivu, Ituri, and Tanganyika Provinces have caused continuing displacement and affected households’ abilities to access typical livelihood activities.

The IPC workshop that took place in March 2021 indicates an increase in needs particularly in areas affected by conflicts. 

Sudan

The ongoing macroeconomic crisis due to persistent low foreign currency reserves and increased USD shortages coupled with high import demand for essential food and non-food items is driving the rapid deterioration of the Sudanese pound.

Fuel and transport prices continue to remain high. Staple food prices are approximately 150-200 percent higher than last year and six times above the five-year average.

Bordering areas of Burkina Faso, Niger, and Mali

The deteriorating security situation is disrupting household access to livelihoods and markets. More than 3,000,000 people are displaced throughout the region.

Since the start of 2021, recent attacks in Niger and Burkina Faso have displaced over 21,000 people. 

Southern Madagascar

Consecutive poor rainfall seasons including drought conditions for the 2020/21 season are expected to reduce agricultural production and food availability.

Despite slightly improved rainfall in February and March 2021, production prospects still remain poor.

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Os nossos Parceiros

A Rede de Sistemas de AlertaPrecoce de Fome é líder na provisão de alertas precoces e análises relativas à insegurança alimentar. Estabelecida em 1985 com o fim de auxiliar os responsáveis pela tomada de decisões a elaborar planos para crises humanitárias, a FEWS NET provê análises baseadas em evidências em cerca de 35 países. Entre os membros implementadores refere-se a NASA , NOAA, USDA e o USGS, assim como a Chemonics International Inc. e a Kimetrica. Leia mais sobre o nosso trabalho.

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