Key Message Update

High staple food prices and insecurity continue to limit household food access

March 2021

March - May 2021

June - September 2021

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Cereal prices are  21 percent above the five-year average in February 2021. This situation follows the strong demand (institutional and traders) and the disruption of trade flows due to the decline in agricultural production in Nigeria and above average transportation costs resulting from restrictions linked to insecurity and COVID-19. Prices are 30 to 40 percent higher than the five-year average in markets in the Zinder and Maradi regions and are currently a factor significantly limiting the food access of poor pastoral households.

  • The availability of pasture and water points are average, however, the rapid degradation of these resources is anticipated following the concentrations of livestock in the more secure areas. Following the theft and looting by armed groups, pastoralists carry out strategic animal sales resulting in atypical offers of cattle on the markets, resulting in unfavorable terms of trade compared to the average.

  • Currently, poor households rely heavily on markets to meet their basic commodity needs. However,poor households are able to meet their food needs with average purchasing power among poor households.  Minimal (IPC Phase 1) is anticipated thanks to the availability of cereal stocks and to the income of agricultural labor, the sale of irrigated crops and animals.

  • In the Diffa region and the south of the Maradi region, ongoing humanitarian assistance carried out by the givernment and humanitarian partners are sufficient to avoid a food consumption deficit among poor households. However, in the Tillabery region and North Tahoua, insecurity persists through recurrent attacks on civilian populations and limits livelihood activities, access to food and access to humanitarian interventions. Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!) outcomes are anticipated in the Diffa region and Southern Maradi while Crisis (IPC Phase 3) is anticipated in the Tillabery region and the North of Tahoua through September.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics