Key Message Update

Reopening of borders and prospects for the gradual resumption of informal activities

November 2020

November 2020 - January 2021

Une partie du nord est en phase 1 alors qu' une partie de l'est est en phase 3. Le reste est en phase 2. Le territoire de Djugu est en phase 4.

February - May 2021

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Not mapped
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners. FEWS NET only maps the Eastern half of DRC.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Not mapped
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners. FEWS NET only maps the Eastern half of DRC.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Not mapped
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Armed groups violence and inter-community tensions in North Kivu, South Kivu, Ituri and Tanganyika during the previous month continued and caused new displacements of the population, in the midst of the growing season. This situation portends even more difficult food availability conditions in these already affected areas. According to a REACH assessment, these displacements affected 84% and 69% of localities in South Kivu and Tanganyika respectively.

  • In November 2020, the reopening of the borders with Uganda and Rwanda anticipates new economic prospects through the gradual resumption of informal cross-border activities led by small traders who will be able to improve their sources of income reduced since the first restrictions in connection with COVID -19. In the coming months, we expect a gradual improvement in trade flows, volumes traded and food availability in the areas concerned.

  • Normal rainfall at the start of the growing season A in the northeast and central-eastern areas has enabled activities to start effectively with the sowing of the main staple crops (maize, groundnuts and beans) and good yields are anticipated in the absence of any climatic disturbance. However, areas affected by conflict will see lower than normal agricultural production.

  • Heavy rains in October 2020, which hit Masisi territory and the surrounding area, caused flooding and extensive material damage. According to the provincial government, more than 100,000 people are affected by these floods and risk losing some or all of their crops for the agricultural season A..

  • North Kivu, part of Ituri and part of Tanganyika, will still be in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), and the territory of Djugu in Ituri will be in an Emergency situation (IPC Phase 4) due to conflicts and their impact on livelihoods. The north will be in Minimal (IPC Phase 1) and the central part including the north of the Kasai region, and the south-eastern zone will be in Stress (IPC Phase 2).

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics