Key Message Update

Food insecurity persists in Western Sahel due to COVID -19 and floods

November 2020

November 2020 - January 2021

Le Tibesti est en  phase 3; le Borkou, le Kanem et le Barh-el-Gazal et une partie du Batha sont en phase 2, ainsi que le Lac grâce à l'assistance

February - May 2021

Le Tibesti est en  phase 3; le Borkou, le Kanem et le Barh-el-Gazal, le Guéra et une partie du Batha sont en phase 2, ainsi que le Lac grâce à l'assistance

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • In Tibesti, market access for very poor and poor households is limited due to low income levels in the face of rising food prices due to cross-border flows disrupted by insecurity. In the Lac region, civil insecurity continues to disrupt the livelihoods of the displaced as well as of the households hosting them.

  • The pastoral situation benefits from excess rainfall favoring good availability of natural pastures and a good level of filling of semi-permanent ponds. Animal body condition is normal. In the western Sahel, transhumance is slowed down by the level of humidity in the Sudanian zone; animals benefiting from pastoral resources in transit zones (Hadjer Lamis, Chari Baguirmi, etc.)

  • The cereal supply on the markets is below normal due to floods and cereal trade flows disrupted by high transportation costs. Additionally, an increase in demand from households having suffered crop losses due to the floods, leads to millet prices overall above the five-year average, as is the case in Ati and Moussoro. Access to markets is limited for very poor and poor households. A rise in the price of sheep is observed in the east of the country thanks to a timid recovery in exports to Sudan.

  • Households in Tibesti face difficulties in meeting their consumption needs due to their limited access to the market and they are in Crisis (IPC Phase 3). In the Lac region, household food security is under Stress (IPC Phase 2!) conditions thanks to humanitarian assistance. In BEG and Kanem, households are in Stress (IPC Phase 2) because of their limited access to markets caused by high prices in cereal markets. Most other areas are minimally food insecure (IPC Phase 1) despite the impacts of flooding and COVID-19.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics