Key Message Update

Flooding exacerbates food insecurity, already deteriorated by COVID – 19, during the lean season

September 2020

September 2020

Carte des résultats actuels de la sécurité alimentaire, juin 2020: La plupart du pays est en Stress (Phase 2 de l'IPC) sauf que parts de la sud-est et centre-est qui sont en Minimal (Phase 1 de l'IPC) et Lac qui est en Stress (Phase 2! de l'IPC)

October 2020 - January 2021

Carte des résultats estimés plus probables de la sécurité alimentaire, octobre 2020 à janvier 2021: La plupart du pays est en Stress (Phase 2 de l'IPC) sauf que parts de la sud-est et centre-est qui sont en Minimal (Phase 1 de l'IPC) et Lac qui est en Stress (Phase 2! de l'IPC)

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Above-average cumulative rainfall has caused flooding that affected 3,783 households, or nearly 190,000 people, including 7,000 households in N'Djamena. In response, 56,880 poor and very poor people affected by the COVID- 19 restrictions, as well as flood victims, benefited from 9,480 food kits (50 kg of cereals, 25 kg of Niébé, 10 kg of sugar and 10 liters of oil) distributed by the National Food Security Office (ONASA) in September.

  • Market supplies in deficit areas (Bahr el Gazel (BEG) and Kanem) are being slowed by poor road conditions. This affects the level of supply, where low volumes of merchant stocks are observed. Despite ONASA's moderately priced sales, seasonal humanitarian interventions, and responses to COVID - 19 restrictions, which have limited income for those working in the informal sector in particular, demand remains on the rise due to depletion of household stocks.

  • In most of the country's provinces, household food consumption remains limited despite the availability of early crops and milk availability, due to low stock levels and limited access to markets, which is normal for the end of the lean season. The erosion of income (labor, sales of livestock and agricultural products, transfers, etc.) caused by COVID-19 continues to disrupt household livelihoods. 

  • The agropastoral campaign is proceeding normally with crop prospects estimated near average. In the Sudanian zone, crops are at the flowering and heading stage for cereal crops. Groundnuts are at the pod formation stage. The pastoral situation remains favorable due to good availability of pasture and water. This is improving livestock body conditions, resulting in a good availability of milk, which contributes to improved food consumption for pastoral households.

  • Poor households in Tibesti, Kanem, and BEG continue to be in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) in the last month of the lean season. In Lac, displaced people remain in Stressed (IPC Phase 2!) thanks to food assistance. Much of the rest of the country will remain in Stressed (IPC Phase 2) until the end of the year due to the effects of COVID-19 on livelihoods and incomes.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics