Key Message Update

The ongoing harvest is improving food security in the Northwest and Southwest

July 2020

July - September 2020

October 2020 - January 2021

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • As of July 29th 2020, Cameroon has recorded 17,179 cases of COVID-19 and 391 deaths. The increased rate of spread of COVID-19 in Cameroon, with the associated risks of contamination, along with the measures in place to limit the spread of the virus, continue to slow the economy. The loss of jobs and reduced daily income is reducing the purchasing power of poor households, especially those in urban centers of Yaounde and Douala, such as urban refugees, internally displaced people, and people living below the poverty line who typically work in the informal sector. According to the government survey on the socio-economic impacts of COVID-19 in May 2020, more than 50 percent of households recorded a loss of income of more than 50 percent, especially sectors including education, hospitality, restaurant, forestry, and construction.

  • In the Northwest and Southwest, poor households continue to be exposed to acute food insecurity as below-average crop production for the fourth consecutive year is resulting in reduced income earning opportunities and is reducing their purchasing power. However, food security conditions are improving with the seasonal harvest underway since early July. Although current prices for staple foods remain high compared to normal, they fell by 6 percent in July compared to June. Poor households are anticipated to experience Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes through September 2020.

  • In the Far North, recurrent attacks by Boko Haram in the departments of Logone& Chari, Mayo Sava and Mayo Tsanaga, combined with the looting of crops and livestock worsen the food security of poor households. These households continue to face Stressed (IPC Phase 2) food insecurity due to seasonal household stock depletion and increased reliance on markets for food during the lean season. Although market supply of staple food is stable, prices are at their seasonal high, which affects access to food for poor households. For example, the price of sorghum is currently 20-30 percent higher than last month.

  • The agricultural season continues with satisfactory rainfall since April, favoring average crop production in the country. The start of the rainy season in late May to June in the Far North marked the start of sowing for grains, while preparations are also underway for the start of sowing for vegetables. However, in the Northwest and Southwest regions, although rainfall has been favorable to support agricultural production, continued insecurity continues to limit access to cultivated agricultural land by 30-60 percent for some crops such as maize and rice, leading to a fourth consecutive year of below-average production.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics