Key Message Update

The unstable socio-political and economic situation continues to worsen food security conditions in Haiti

July 2020

July - September 2020

October 2020 - January 2021

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • The spring harvests, which are below average, will negatively impact the summer/fall and winter harvests, as farmers use the income and seeds from the ongoing season as inputs for subsequent ones. Despite regular and average rainfall anticipated until October, the harvests from subsequent seasons are expected to be below average.

  • The socio-political climate is deteriorating with the scarcity of fuel, which will lead to an increase in transportation costs and food prices. Additionally, between January and July 2020, the haitian gourde lost more than 22 percent of its value, reinforcing the inflationary expectations of economic agents. The prices of staple foods remain higher than last year’s prices and the five year average.

  • Despite the decision of the Haitian authorities to officially open the Haitian-Dominican border, it remains closed on the Dominican side. This reinforces informal trade between the two countries and increases the prices of products imported from the Dominican Republic. Additionally, imported cases of COVID-19 are increasing following the re-opening of airports in the country. However, as economic activities resume, income earning opportunities are anticipated to increase, especially in urban centers.

  • The harvests in July and August, although below average, will temporarily improve food availability and thus stabilize the prices of local foods for a short time, notably for beans and maize. Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are anticipated in Haut Artibonite, Haut Plateau, Bas Nord-Ouest, Nord-Est, Nippes, parts of Ouest, Sud-Est, Sud and Grand'Anse. The other regions (Bas Artibonite, Bas Plateau, Plaine des Cayes, etc.) where the harvests are expected to be average, will remain Stressed (IPC Phase 2).

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics