Key Message Update

Food insecurity increasingly worrisome with the lean season amid COVID-19 and insecurity

July 2020

July - September 2020

October 2020 - January 2021

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Confirmed cases of COVID-19 are on the decline, however measures to combat the spread of the virus are still in place, including border closures which are preventing migrant agricultural labor from returning to the country and reducing income for poor households. The social distancing measures in place continue to negatively impact demand for domestic work in urban centers, upon which many poor urban households depend.

  • The volatile security crisis continues to cause victims and displacement. Internally displaced people (IDPs) are estimated at more than 260,000 people in June 2020, according to UNHCR, compared to 180,000 in June 2019. The regions most affected by insecurity are Diffa, Tillabery, Tahoa, and Maradi. Livelihood activities and productive assets are disrupted, and distributions of humanitarian food assistance is limited, resulting in households experiencing a food deficit.

  • The agricultural season is ongoing in the agricultural areas of the country, where sowing has been completed in all agricultural villages. However, reductions in the areas sown following the reduction in the agricultural workforce has been observed in localized areas. In addition, the onset of rains has been late in the pastoral areas where the combined effects of the lack of pasture and the disruption of transhumance routes following COVID-19 and civil insecurity is leading to a longer and more difficult lean season for livestock and pastoral households.

  • Minimal! (IPC Phase 1!) food insecurity is observed among poor households in urban areas and Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!) outcomes are in the southern part of the region of Maradi and in the Diffa region, as ongoing humanitarian assistance is mitigating worse outcomes. Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes prevail in the northern regions of Tillabery and Tahoa due to continued insecurity that disrupts access to key sources of food and income. Most pastoral zones are experiencing Stressed (IPC Phase 2) food insecurity, with a minority of poor pastoral households are in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) with the excessive sales of livestock, including females, as pastoralists cope with higher food prices.  

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics