Key Message Update

Decreased purchasing power continues to worsen food insecurity in the context of COVID-19

May 2020

May 2020

June - September 2020

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • As of May 26, Haiti has recorded 1,174 cases of COVID-19 (MSPP, 2020). This rapid expansion during the last two dekads of May led the government to extend the state of emergency until July. The measures to contain the spread of the virus, which have already had a negative impact on markets, prices and sources of income, will likely continue throughout.

  • The socio-political situation remains unpredictable, as shown by the anti-government demonstration on May 18. In addition, moderate inflation remains, particularly with regard to food products. Their prices remain significantly above the five year average, which continues to constrain food access for the poorest households.

  • In addition, below average and irregular rains continue to be observed throughout the country, except in a few municipalities (Tiburon on the South Coast, Bainet in the Southeast, etc.). Plowing and sowing are continuing in the Southeast (except Belle-Anse), have resumed on the South coast (particularly in Tiburon) and are still delayed in the other regions (Northeast, Central Plateau, Nippes, North West, Haut-Artibonite). The main crops of the spring season (maize and beans) continue to suffer from the water deficit observed since the end of March and will likely be below average.

  • The reduction of income opportunities due to the measures against COVID-19 comes on top of the context of high prices which limit food access for very poor households. The latter will have to reinforce their crisis strategies to maintain the current level of their food consumption. An increase in households in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) is expected until June. Harvests in June / July will not improve the food availability and access due to the anticipated below average crop production, persistent inflation and the effects of COVID-19. Thus, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Stressed (IPC Phase 2) food insecurity, for the most part, will continue.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics