Key Message Update

Lean season begins in Guatemala

March 2020

March - May 2020

La mayor parte del pais se encuentra en insguridad alimentaria minima (Fase 1, CIF). Parte del corredor seco se encuentra en Estres (Fase 2, CIF) y Crisis (Fase 3, CIF).

June - September 2020

La mayor parte del pais se encuentra en insguridad alimentaria minima (Fase 1, CIF). Parte del corredor seco se encuentra en Estres (Fase 2, CIF) y Crisis (Fase 3, CIF).

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • As of March 30, Guatemala has reported 34 cases of COVID-19. In an effort to slow the spread of the virus, the government has enacted a series of measures including the temporary suspension of many private and government business and restrictions to population movement, which could impact the access to both formal and informal income-generating activities. The Government has also taken measures to mitigate the impact on economic activity, for which resources have been approved to address the emergency, including food assistance.

  • Following the government’s actions to suspend business operations and limit population movement decreed on March 17, the price of corn increased atypically and temporarily from Q133.00/QQ to Q187.50 that same day at the Terminal market in the capital, reaching Q300 / QQ in several markets. However, the price rise was mainly due to a panic and the corn returned to Q170.00 / QQ the following day, as the markets resupplied. To date, trade flows of food goods remain normal.

  • With the end of the season of high demand for labor, temporary workers return to their homes to dedicate themselves to their basic grain planting that takes place between March and May. In areas of the western Highlands, residual soil moisture humidity has allowed planting to start during the first half of March. During the upcoming months, the main option of poor households for income generation is sporadic employment for land preparation and planting of Primera.

  • Poor households in the dry corridor do not have food reserves for the upcoming months. The income earned during the high season of casual labor has been used quickly, so the cash available to buy food is minimal, leading to Stressed food insecurity (IPC, Phase 2) until May. As the lean season progresses, households will make adjustments in the quantity and quality of food and will intensify the use of negative coping strategies to ensure minimum food consumption, so they will be classified in Crisis (IPC, Phase 3).

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics