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Locusts and conflict contribute to food insecurity

  • Remote Monitoring Report
  • Yemen
  • January 2014
Locusts and conflict contribute to food insecurity

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  • Key Messages
  • Projected Outlook through June 2014
  • Key Messages
    • The desert locust invasion caused substantial, if possibly localized, damage to sorghum, millet and sesame mainly in the Western Coastal Plan Sorghum, Millet and Livestock Livelihood zone.
    • Insecurity in Dammaj, northern Yemen, has led to humanitarian concerns for both old and new Internally Displaced People (IDPs).
    ZoneCurrent AnomaliesProjected Anomalies
    Western Coastal PlainsDesert locust in the western coastal plain sorghum, millet and livestock zone caused substantial damage to sorghum, millet and sesame.Further damage to ongoing off-season or perrenial crops likely.

     


    Projected Outlook through June 2014

    The desert locust invasion that reached cropping areas of western Yemen in September/October 2013 caused substantial, if possibly localized, damage to sorghum, millet and sesame mainly in Western and Central Wadi Sorghum, Millet, Vegetable, Fruit and Livestock livelihood zone. Typically, sorghum and millet in this zone are planted in April/May and harvested in July after the first-season (March-May) rains. However, when the March to May rains are below average as they were in 2013, agricultural producers shift the cultivation calendar to the second-season rains (July-October) with harvests in November/December. Local sources suggest that the 2013/14 infestation is the worst since 2007, when cropping and rangeland impacts were significant.

    Poor households’ agricultural production in this zone is typically very low (1-2 months’ consumption); they rely on income from agricultural wage labor to purchase food. The locust invasion is expected to contribute to food insecurity among poor households due to damage to own production, as well as loss of income due to reduced demand for agricultural labor from middle-and better-off households whose fields are equally damaged.. Labor-to-cereal terms of trade, however, remain average to good in the main port city, Hudaydah (FEWS NET’s Yemen Price Bulletin for December). As the breadth of locust damage to crops and impacts on food and income are unclear, close monitoring of food security situation is required in the coming months.

    Insecurity in Dammaj, northern Yemen, has led to humanitarian concerns. Internally Displaced People (IDPs) from previous conflicts and new IDPs from the current conflict and the host community are unable to get humanitarian assistance due to ongoing conflict and restricted access. The insecurity could also disrupt access to markets in the affected areas and limit the availability of food. Detailed information is not available on food security outcomes in these areas; however, if the conflict continues, food security of the people in these areas will most likely be negatively impacted further.

    Figures Yemen Seasonal Calendar

    Figure 1

    Source: FEWS NET

    Figure 4

    Source:

    In remote monitoring, a coordinator typically works from a nearby regional office. Relying on partners for data, the coordinator uses scenario development to conduct analysis and produce monthly reports. As less data may be available, remote monitoring reports may have less detail than those from countries with FEWS NET offices. Learn more about our work here.

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