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Lebanon

Remotely monitored country
Lebanon
Flag image, red stripe at top and bottom and green cedar tree in the middle
Remote Monitoring Report
February 2024
Conflict, economic decline, and governance crisis deepen food insecurity
  • The ongoing conflict between the Israel Defence Forces (IDF) and Hezbollah in southern Lebanon is driving population displacement, disrupting agricultural livelihoods, and restricting humanitarian access to populations in need. As of late February, the IOM reports that more than 91,000 people have been displaced across the country since the outbreak of conflict in early October, primarily from the southern conflict epicenters of Bint Jbeil, Marjayoun, and Sour districts. Among displaced households and about 60,000 people still residing close to the conflict, a notable share (more than 20 percent) are likely to continue facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes through at least September given loss of typical sources of food and income amid limited humanitarian assistance.
  • Lebanon continues to contend with very poor macroeconomic conditions in the context of the prevailing governance crisis. Despite some improvement in recent months, the annual headline inflation rate remained in triple digits at 177 percent in January 2024. WFP market monitoring indicates that the cost of the survival minimum food expenditure basket (food SMEB) in December 2023 was 164 percent and 28 percent higher in terms of LBP and USD respectively compared to the same time of the prior year. 
  • About 1.3 million Syrian and Palestinian refugees are currently residing in Lebanon, primarily in northern areas. These refugees have limited access to food and income, with many dependent on humanitarian assistance. In some areas, the refugee population exceeds the local population, straining community resources. Many worst-affected refugees and poor households in northern areas are expected to be facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes given high and rising prices amid limited labor opportunities, exacerbated by the sharp decline in tourism that occurred following the outbreak of conflict in late 2023. Some improvement in access to food will occur with the barley and wheat harvest in May/June, though Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are expected to persist through at least September in areas where refugees are a large share of the population, such as Akkar and Bekaa regions.
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