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Afghanistan

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Afghanistan
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Key Message Update
March 2024
Winter planted wheat conditions are improving, supported by good precipitation in March
  • As winter concludes, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are ongoing in northern, northeastern, and western parts of the country as the lean season peaks and household reliance on market purchases remains high while seasonally low labor opportunities and limited income-earning opportunities keep household access to income for food purchases low in most rural areas. Relatedly, below-normal inflows of remittances from Iran are affecting poor household access to market food purchases, mainly in parts of the western and central highlands. In urban areas, limited labor opportunities also keep household food access lower than normal. The influx of returnees from Iran and Pakistan also provides additional competition for already limited casual labor opportunities in urban markets. However, the upcoming wheat harvest and increased agricultural labor opportunities will provide gradual seasonal improvements to household access to food and income, particularly in the country's eastern, southeastern, and southern parts, supporting Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes through the scenario period. 
  • Average to above-average precipitation in March has reduced cumulative precipitation deficits across most of the country. Cumulative precipitation is largely average, but precipitation is 75 to 90 percent of the 40-year average in parts of the south, west, and northern highlands. The good precipitation is improving crop conditions and residual soil moisture, with the upcoming winter wheat harvest expected to be near average. However, the above-average precipitation and snowfall have delayed the spring wheat planting process in the higher elevations of northern Afghanistan. Based on key informants, heavy rainfall and above-average temperatures may negatively impact the standing vegetable crops in the southern and eastern parts of the county. Overall, the precipitation in March positively contributed to the standing crops in the eastern, southern, northern, and western parts of the country and ensured water availability, mostly in irrigated lands. 
  • In February, staple food prices in Afghanistan increased by 1 to 3 percent, following seasonal trends as the lean season peaks. However, staple food prices remain 25 percent lower than last year and 30 percent lower than the three-year average, supported by the appreciation of the Afghani currency and imports from Kazakhstan, Iran, and Pakistan. The ongoing imports from neighboring countries ensure a stable food supply and contribute to the low wheat, wheat flour, and cooking oil prices. Although the low food prices support household purchasing power, the limited number of labor opportunities and low wages keep household purchasing power low. 
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Seasonal Monitor Low snow water volumes and soil moisture remain a concern, but above-average precipitation beyond February may provide relief Afghanistan February 28, 2024
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Afghanistan (October 2023 - May 2024)

 
Food Security Classification Data View all Afghanistan classification data
Afghanistan Acute Food Insecurity Classification (March 2024 - September 2024)

Forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for the near term (March 2024 - May 2024) and medium term (June 2024 - September 2024) periods.

Afghanistan Acute Food Insecurity Classification Shapefile March 2024 (.zip) (ZIP) Afghanistan Acute Food Insecurity Classification March 2024 (.geojson) (GeoJSON) Near Term Projection: March 2024 - May 2024 (.png) (PNG) Medium Term Projection: June 2024 - September 2024 (.png) (PNG) Near Term Projection: March 2024 - May 2024 (.kml) (KML) Medium Term Projection: June 2024 - September 2024 (.kml) (KML)
Afghanistan Acute Food Insecurity Classification (February 2024 - September 2024)

Current (February 2024) food security outcomes and forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for the near term (February 2024 - May 2024) and medium term (June 2024 - September 2024) periods.

Afghanistan Acute Food Insecurity Classification Shapefile February 2024 (.zip) (ZIP) Afghanistan Acute Food Insecurity Classification February 2024 (.geojson) (GeoJSON) Current Situation: February 2024 (.png) (PNG) Near Term Projection: February 2024 - May 2024 (.png) (PNG) Medium Term Projection: June 2024 - September 2024 (.png) (PNG) Current Situation: February 2024 (.kml) (KML) Near Term Projection: February 2024 - May 2024 (.kml) (KML) Medium Term Projection: June 2024 - September 2024 (.kml) (KML)
Afghanistan Acute Food Insecurity Classification (January 2024 - May 2024)

Forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for the near term (January 2024) and medium term (February 2024 - May 2024) periods.

Afghanistan Acute Food Insecurity Classification Shapefile January 2024 (.zip) (ZIP) Afghanistan Acute Food Insecurity Classification January 2024 (.geojson) (GeoJSON) Near Term Projection: January 2024 (.png) (PNG) Medium Term Projection: February 2024 - May 2024 (.png) (PNG) Near Term Projection: January 2024 (.kml) (KML) Medium Term Projection: February 2024 - May 2024 (.kml) (KML)
Seasonal Calendar Seasonal Calendar
Description

The Seasonal Calendar reveals the annual and cyclical patterns in a community throughout the typical year.

Afghanistan Seasonal Calendar
Production & Trade Flow Maps
FEWS NET captures the market networks for a product in a given country or region, including their catchments and trade flow patterns.
Wheat, Northern Region, Normal Year Wheat, Western Region, Normal Year
Satellite-Derived Products Satellite-Derived Products
Description

USGS-provided data and imagery supports FEWS NET's monitoring efforts of weather and climate throughout the world.

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Livelihood Zone Resources Livelihood Zone Resources
Afghanistan Livelihood Zone Descriptions, February 2011 Afghanistan Livelihoods Map, March 2011
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