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Middle East and Asia

Middle East and Asia
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Middle East and Asia
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The Middle East and Asia region page is currently under construction. FEWS NET’s reporting on this region includes presence and remote monitoring coverage of Afghanistan, Lebanon, Tajikistan, Yemen, and special analysis of Gaza related to the ongoing conflict. 

To learn more about FEWS NET’s acute food insecurity analysis and access resources for the Middle East and Asia region, please visit the country pages listed below.

Afghanistan Gaza Lebanon Tajikistan Yemen
Key Message Update
January 2024
Historic precipitation deficits are likely to dissipate with precipitation in mid-to-late January
  • Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are ongoing in northern, western, and central highlands as households have decreased access to typically relevant income sources, and food stocks are limited from the 2023 harvest. Household purchasing power remains lower than normal in urban areas, associated with below-average access to labor opportunities despite declining food prices. However, the warmer-than-normal winter temperatures in urban areas support some atypical casual labor opportunities at an abnormal time in January. Households earning income from labor opportunities are expected to meet their food needs in the lean season, but the lack of labor opportunities limits income-earning opportunities. Households are, on average, working around three days a week. Additionally, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are likely ongoing among many returnees from Pakistan and Iran, as most face difficulty engaging in their typical livelihoods to earn income for food purchases. 
  • Despite the expectation for above-average precipitation associated with the ongoing El Nino, cumulative precipitation from October 2023 to January 2024 remains well below the 40-year average. Most of Afghanistan has received 60 to 90 percent of average precipitation for the October 2023 to late January 2024 period, with areas in northern and eastern Afghanistan recording less than 60 percent of average precipitation. In particular, much of eastern Afghanistan has recorded historically low precipitation between October 1, 2023, and January 25, 2024. However, moderate to heavy precipitation from mid-to-late January to early February is expected to ease precipitation deficits, even resulting in cumulatively average to above average precipitation in central Afghanistan. International forecast models indicate that average to above-average precipitation is expected from January to March, which will likely further reduce precipitation deficits.  
  • Crops planted in October are currently under stressed conditions in eastern and southeastern Afghanistan due to below-normal water availability for irrigation. Meanwhile, crop conditions in the southern part of the county are promising, supported by groundwater irrigation systems, while rainfed crops are likely stressed. Additionally, local media reports that irrigated winter wheat in areas of eastern and western Afghanistan, mainly Nangarhar and Herat province, remains unplanted due to inadequate soil moisture. Key informants have also reported that crops planted in October 2023 in Kunduz and Baghlan provinces have been damaged by pests, particularly cut warms (Agrotis ipsilon), with the damage from the pests likely to impact the expected harvest.
  • In December 2023, wheat flour, rice, cooking oil, and pulse prices declined, with prices nearly 25 percent lower than the three-year average. Similarly, high-quality wheat flour, primarily imported from Kazakhstan, retails for 32 AFN per kilogram, around 4 percent lower than prices in November 2023, 34 percent lower than last year, and 27 percent lower than the three-year average. The Food Security and Agriculture Cluster (FSAC) food basket price was 5,831 AFN per basket, 24 percent and 18 percent lower than last year and the three-year average, respectively. The lower-than-average prices are supported by ongoing market supply from remaining stocks from the last 2023 harvest, a steady supply of imported food commodities, the appreciation of the AFN currency, and government regulations.
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Food Security Outlook Briefing Food Security Outlook Briefing
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Afghanistan (October 2023 - May 2024)

 
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Food Security
Food Security Outlook Update Due to low water availability, second-season crops face stress conditions Afghanistan August 2023
Key Message Update Humanitarian food need, down from last year amid falling prices, remains above average Afghanistan July 2023
Food Security Outlook Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes expected in areas where wheat production is low Afghanistan June 2023 - January 2024
Agroclimatology
No reports available.
Markets & Trade
Price Bulletin Central Asia Price Bulletin Middle East and Asia February 2024
Price Bulletin Central Asia Price Bulletin Middle East and Asia January 2024
Supply and Market Outlook Middle East Regional Markets Analysis Middle East and Asia December 21, 2023
Alerts / Special Reports
No reports available.
Food Security
Food Security Outlook Update Due to low water availability, second-season crops face stress conditions Afghanistan August 2023
Key Message Update Humanitarian food need, down from last year amid falling prices, remains above average Afghanistan July 2023
Food Security Outlook Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes expected in areas where wheat production is low Afghanistan June 2023 - January 2024
Agroclimatology
No reports available.
Markets & Trade
Price Bulletin Central Asia Price Bulletin Middle East and Asia February 2024
Price Bulletin Central Asia Price Bulletin Middle East and Asia January 2024
Supply and Market Outlook Middle East Regional Markets Analysis Middle East and Asia December 21, 2023
Alerts / Special Reports
No reports available.
Food Security Classification Data View all Middle East and Asia classification data
Middle East and Asia Acute Food Insecurity Classification (January 2024 - May 2024)

Forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for the near term (January 2024) and medium term (February 2024 - May 2024) periods.

Middle East and Asia Acute Food Insecurity Classification Shapefile January 2024 (.zip) (ZIP) Middle East and Asia Acute Food Insecurity Classification January 2024 (.geojson) (GeoJSON) Near Term Projection: January 2024 (.png) (PNG) Medium Term Projection: February 2024 - May 2024 (.png) (PNG) Near Term Projection: January 2024 (.kml) (KML) Medium Term Projection: February 2024 - May 2024 (.kml) (KML)
Middle East and Asia Acute Food Insecurity Classification (December 2023 - May 2024)

Forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for the near term (December 2023 - January 2024) and medium term (February 2024 - May 2024) periods.

Middle East and Asia Acute Food Insecurity Classification Shapefile December 2023 (.zip) (ZIP) Middle East and Asia Acute Food Insecurity Classification December 2023 (.geojson) (GeoJSON) Near Term Projection: December 2023 - January 2024 (.png) (PNG) Medium Term Projection: February 2024 - May 2024 (.png) (PNG) Near Term Projection: December 2023 - January 2024 (.kml) (KML) Medium Term Projection: February 2024 - May 2024 (.kml) (KML)
Central Asia Acute Food Insecurity Classification (April 2021 - September 2021)

Forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for the near term (April 2021 - May 2021) and medium term (June 2021 - September 2021) periods.

Central Asia Acute Food Insecurity Classification Shapefile April 2021 (.zip) (ZIP) Central Asia Acute Food Insecurity Classification April 2021 (.geojson) (GeoJSON) Near Term Projection: April 2021 - May 2021 (.png) (PNG) Medium Term Projection: June 2021 - September 2021 (.png) (PNG) Near Term Projection: April 2021 - May 2021 (.kml) (KML) Medium Term Projection: June 2021 - September 2021 (.kml) (KML)
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USGS-provided data and imagery supports FEWS NET's monitoring efforts of weather and climate throughout the world.

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