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Poor climate conditions and inflation are the main drivers of food insecurity across the region

  • Key Message Update
  • Latin America and the Caribbean
  • October 2023
Poor climate conditions and inflation are the main drivers of food insecurity across the region

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • In Haiti, market and economic disruptions and below-average staple grain production due to irregular rainfall and high temperatures remain the main causes of food insecurity. Emergency outcomes (IPC Phase 4) will persist in Cité Soleil, while widespread Crisis outcomes (IPC Phase 3) are expected until the fall harvest in January 2024. The Nord-Est, Nord, Centre, Sud-Est, and Ouest departments, already experiencing Crisis (IPC Phase 3), are likely to be the most affected by the decline of formal trade due to the closure of the Dominican border. The impacts of the border closure will be mitigated by informal commerce, seasonal local sources of income and food, and the end-of-the-year festivities.
    • The poorest households in the Dry Corridor of Central America will face Crisis outcomes (IPC Phase 3) until the start of the primera harvest in November. Some households will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) until January 2024 due to crop losses and high dependency on purchases, while the rest will transition to Stress (IPC Phase 2) thanks to slightly below-average basic grains harvest and higher incomes during the peak season of labor demand.  The rest of the region´s poor households will continue experiencing Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes due to persistently high food prices. High temperatures and irregular rainfall will continue affecting small farmers, particularly in the dry corridor. 
    • In Venezuela, poor households with limited access to food, whose income is mainly in local currency (VED), without access to social protection programs or remittances, located mainly in the peri-urban areas of the Capital District, and areas bordering Colombia will continue to experience food consumption gaps and will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) until January 2024. However, the number of households in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) is expected to decrease seasonally. Formal employees will receive double wages from October to January, and the informal sector will benefit from higher spending on goods and services during the holidays, remittances, and an increase in social protection programs. In addition, rural households with irrigation systems will benefit from local crops. Although prices in VED showed less volatility in the last six months, they remain more than 300 percent above August 2022. Households whose income is on VED will continue with limited access to food due to high prices.

    Recommended citation: FEWS NET. LAC Key Message Update October 2023: Poor climate conditions and inflation are the main drivers of food insecurity across the region, October 2023.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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