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Increased rainfall benefits agricultural activities

  • Seasonal Monitor
  • Haiti
  • June 30, 2024
Increased rainfall benefits agricultural activities

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  • Key Messages
  • Update on Seasonal Progress
  • Forecasts
  • Key Messages
    • In Haiti, above-average rainfall has decreased the dry conditions observed at the beginning of the printemps season.
    • Vegetative health has shown continuous improvement over the last twenty days.
    • Temperatures have moderated, supporting average soil moisture conditions in most areas.

    Update on Seasonal Progress

    Figure 1

    CHIRPS percent of average rainfall (%) (1981–2010), May 21–June 20, 2024
    CHIRPS percent of average rainfall (%) (1981–2010), May 21–June 20, 2024


    Figure 2

    Atlantic hurricane season outlook 2024
    Atlantic hurricane season outlook 2024

    Source: NOAA

    • In the last 30 days, Haiti has experienced above-average rainfall, particularly in the Sud-Est, Ouest, and western Nippes and Sud regions, which received 50 to 100 percent more rainfall than usual, totaling between 150 and over 300 mm. (Figure 1). Although rainfall accumulations were trending near average at the end of June, the distribution remains erratic in space and time.
    • Despite this variability, vegetative health has rebounded nationwide, and rivers are returning to normal levels, benefiting crop irrigation activities. The most significant improvements have been in the Ouest region, near the border with the Dominican Republic.
    • Temperatures have decreased slightly, positively impacting soil moisture across the country, but they remain above average. However, localized coastal areas in Nord-Ouest and Artibonite have continuously reported above-average temperatures since early 2024, limiting improvements in soil moisture.

    • The NOAA hurricane forecast indicates an 85 percent probability of an above-average hurricane season across the Atlantic, with between four and seven major hurricanes likely.
    • The University of Colorado has indicated that this year’s hurricane season is likely to be similar to those in 1878, 1926, 1998, 2005, 2010, and 2020, further supporting expectations for an above-average season.
    • These conditions are due to significantly warmer-than-average Atlantic Ocean temperatures causing lower atmospheric pressure and a more volatile atmosphere, both of which are conducive to hurricane formation. Monitoring these events will be crucial to minimize possible impacts on lives, agricultural activities, and infrastructure.

    Recommended citation: FEWS NET. Haiti Seasonal Monitor June 30, 2024: Increased rainfall benefits agricultural activities, 2024.

    FEWS NET’s Seasonal Monitor reports are produced for Central America and the Caribbean, West Africa, East Africa, Central Asia, and Somalia every 10-to-30 days during the region’s respective rainy season(s). Seasonal Monitors report updates on weather events (e.g., rainfall patterns) and associated impacts on ground conditions (e.g., cropping conditions, pasture and water availability), as well as the short-term rainfall forecast. Find more remote sensing information here.

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