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The impact of the weather will exacerbate local production deficits, which will lead to higher prices in the context of deteriorating socio-political stability

  • Key Message Update
  • Haiti
  • November 2023
The impact of the weather will exacerbate local production deficits, which will lead to higher prices in the context of deteriorating socio-political stability

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • Persistent insecurity, due to armed gang violence, continues to disrupt market functioning. Moreover, combined with high food prices and flooding caused by heavy rain from November 17 to 19, which affected crops, it is one of the factors contributing to the widespread acute food insecurity Crisis (IPC Phase 3) in Haiti. In Cité Soleil, the intensification of insecurity is contributing to the maintenance an acute food insecurity Emergency (IPC Phase 4).
    • The heavy rain caused flooding in various parts of the country, particularly in Grand'Anse, Nippes, Sud, and Nord-Ouest. These adverse weather conditions have had a substantial impact on current crops such as beans, sorghum, Congo peas, and bananas and will accentuate deficits in local agricultural production.
    • Despite the appreciation of the national currency against the US dollar, both month-on-month (0.8 percent) and year-on-year (around 3.4 percent), prices of basic food products remain high compared with annual and five-year averages. This persistent rise is attributable not only to the deficit in local production but also to market supply chain dysfunctions, a direct consequence of insecurity. Insecurity not only restricts the flow of goods but also increases transaction costs due to the increasingly high illegal fees imposed by gangs on the main roads.
    • Furthermore, although the Haitian border with the Dominican Republic remains closed on the Haitian side at Ouanaminthe, its impact remains limited due to the existence of informal trade flows and the opening of other official control points, notably Anse-à-Pitres (South-East) and Belladère (Centre). This situation is also reinforced by the emerging trend among Haitians to reduce their dependence on the Dominican Republic by consuming fewer and fewer products from this country. In addition, the use of other trading partners, such as Colombia and Mexico, and the restarting of local production structures are helping to minimize the impact of this closure. However, in the commune of Ouanaminthe, in the Nord-Est department, Dominican products smuggled into Haiti are strictly prohibited. Any goods seized are destroyed, distributed, or sold at public auctions. Anyone caught smuggling goods of any kind from the Dominican Republic anywhere in the Ouanaminthe commune will be arrested and punished, according to a note issued by the commune authorities.

    Recommended citation: FEWS NET. Haiti Key Message Update November 2023: The impact of the weather will exacerbate local production deficits, which will lead to higher prices in the context of deteriorating socio-political stability, 2023.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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