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Protracted insecurity and deteriorating economic conditions maintain widespread acute food insecurity Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) in Cité Soleil

  • Key Message Update
  • Haiti
  • May 2024
Protracted insecurity and deteriorating economic conditions maintain widespread acute food insecurity Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) in Cité Soleil

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • Although violence, both in intensity and number, decreased in April and May compared to March, with an approximate 60 percent drop in the number of violent events and deaths, according to ACLED, transportation on the main roads remains disrupted by gangs who continue to require the payment of illegal fees, keeping prices of basic foodstuffs high, negatively impacting income-generating activities and also access to emergency food assistance. In this context, households continue to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes, while Cité Soleil and groups of very poor households in other communes of the metropolitan area (Croix-des-Bouquets in particular), more exposed to violence and acute malnutrition, continue to face Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes.
    • Despite an improvement in cumulative terms in rainfall conditions in April and May, the irregular spatiotemporal distribution of rainfall observed since the start of the year is continuing and likely to result in below-average spring harvests, while farmers are facing below-normal incomes and prices above the five-year average, in addition to the climate of insecurity that is disrupting the functioning of markets.
    • The main macroeconomic indicators are in the red (contraction of GDP, high unemployment, high inflation, negative trade balance, and substantial budget deficit), and the outlook remains uncertain. Despite an appreciation in the gourde's exchange rate against the US dollar year-on-year (April 2024 vs. April 2023) of over 15 percent and stability over the past six (6) months, overall month-on-month inflation showed an upward trend in the first quarter of 2024, mainly due to housing and utility costs. Food prices, both local and imported (maize grain, black peas, rice, oil, and wheat flour), remain atypically above the five-year average, although stable in April compared with March.
    • Persistent insecurity due to gang violence continues to deteriorate household livelihoods. Indeed, the results of the off-own farm income analysis conducted in May 2024 by FEWS NET highlighted a decrease in the job opportunities available in the primary sources of income compared to a normal year. According to this study, insecurity emerges as the main factor explaining this widespread decline in sources of income and work opportunities, and therefore incomes generated.

    Recommended citation: FEWS NET. Haiti Key Message Update May 2024: Protracted insecurity and deteriorating economic conditions maintain widespread acute food insecurity Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) in Cité Soleil, 2024.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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