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Poor household food consumption continues to be affected by insecurity and drought

  • Key Message Update
  • Haiti
  • March 2023
Poor household food consumption continues to be affected by insecurity and drought

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • Gang violence, inflation and drought limit poor households' access to sufficient income and adequate food consumption. Food insecurity is widespread, reaching Crisis (IPC Phase 3) in most regions. Cité Soleil also remains in Emergency (IPC Phase 4), due to civil insecurity cutting off access to humanitarian aid and disrupting livelihood activities.

    • For the current spring season, rains are late and just beginning in the far south, prompting planting activities. However, the April-May 2023 rainy season is expected to be poor, resulting in below-normal harvests of maize, beans and rice in June/July. With agricultural production meeting only 20 percent of the annual needs of the poorest households, the reduced availability of rice, maize, tubers and bananas will exacerbate the rise in local food prices. This drop in local supplies and higher costs will adversely impact household purchasing power and reduce food consumption. 

    • Rising food prices on international markets, fuel scarcity, the continuing depreciation of the gourde and illegal taxes imposed by gangs are increasing food prices and reducing access to food for poor and very poor households. Prices of basic foodstuffs more than doubled in March compared to the five-year average. At the same time, the gourde lost over 31 percent of its value against the US dollar between March 2022 and March 2023, reaching over 153 HTG/USD on March 28, 2023.

    • The socio-political situation continues to deteriorate, with a rising number of incidents and deaths perpetrated by gangs. According to the CARDH, 389 cases of kidnapping were recorded for the first quarter of 2023, an increase of just over 173 and 72 percent when compared with 2021 and 2022 respectively. Insecurity is rampant in Port-au-Prince and the departments of Nord-Ouest and Artibonite. In the capital, Cité Soleil, Croix-des-Bouquets, Martissant and Pétion-Ville communes are the most affected by this problem, which is disrupting the income-generating activities of the poor. In rural areas, violence is also disrupting trade flows and limiting the ability of households to visit major markets.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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