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Guatemala

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Guatemala
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Key Message Update
March 2024
Early start of the lean season in areas of the Dry Corridor, Alta Verapaz and west
  • In March, seasonal agricultural employment for commercial cash crops, a source of income that many rural households depend on, declines. Following low staple grain harvests in 2023, the poorest rural households in the areas of the Dry Corridor, the Western Highlands, and Alta Verapaz started 2024 with little to no staple grain reserves. This was compounded by atypical debt incurred due to premature dependence on the market to meet basic food needs, which caused these households to enter the lean season earlier than usual. High food prices and seasonal decreases in income sources will cause households to resort to negative coping strategies such as increased atypical migration of household members who do not usually migrate for work, the sale of assets, and adjusting the amount of food consumed, classifying them in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) until September 2024.
  • From March to May, much of the country will experience Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes. Poor rural households who earned income through agricultural day labor and those who had average harvests of staple grains were able to save some of that income to meet basic food needs during these months. However, high food prices and transportation costs limit access to food, so households will continue to utilize negative coping strategies like adjusting diet quality, resorting to buying food on credit, and cutting back on education and health expenditures, among others. As the lean season progresses, pockets of rural households in the eastern and western rural areas of the country will experience Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes through September.
  • High temperatures and below-average rainfall have persisted in the last few months. Due to the persistence of El Niño conditions through March-April 2024, these dry conditions are expected to continue and delay the start of primera and Altiplano single-cycle staple grain planting seasons. The transition to neutral conditions in April-June 2024 could provide an increase in precipitation. However, erratic time and location distribution of this precipitation, combined with the persistence of high temperatures, will limit the potential positive impact on planting. 
  • The supply of staple grains in domestic markets remains average due to domestic commercial and subsistence harvests and imports; however, prices remain atypically high. Wholesale prices for white maize and black beans have remained stable over the past few months but remain well above the five-year average. In February, white maize prices increased by 9 percent compared to last year and by 28 percent compared to the five-year average. Black bean prices increased by 18 percent and 51 percent compared to February 2023 and the five-year average, respectively.  Seasonal price increases are expected as the flow of domestic crops into the markets decreases. High maize and bean prices will limit access for rural households, whose diets rely on these two staple foods, until the next harvest in September. 
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Food Security
Food Security Outlook Prolonged purchase of food at high prices, irregular rainfall, and high temperatures usher in the early onset of the lean season Guatemala February 2024
Key Message Update Slight improvement in the availability of staple grains limited by high prices Guatemala January 2024
Food Security Outlook Update Food prices remain high despite the start of Postrera harvest Guatemala December 2023
Agroclimatology
Monitoreo Estacional Distribución errática de lluvia persiste América Latina y el Caribe Diciembre 31, 2023
Monitoreo Estacional Condiciones desfavorables para la agricultura persisten en Latinoamérica y el Caribe América Latina y el Caribe Abril 1, 2023
Markets & Trade
Price Bulletin Guatemala Price Bulletin Guatemala March 2024
Boletín de precios Guatemala Boletín de Precios Guatemala Marzo 2024
Price Bulletin Guatemala Price Bulletin Guatemala February 2024
Alerts / Special Reports
No reports available.
Food Security
Food Security Outlook Prolonged purchase of food at high prices, irregular rainfall, and high temperatures usher in the early onset of the lean season Guatemala February 2024
Key Message Update Slight improvement in the availability of staple grains limited by high prices Guatemala January 2024
Food Security Outlook Update Food prices remain high despite the start of Postrera harvest Guatemala December 2023
Agroclimatology
Monitoreo Estacional Distribución errática de lluvia persiste América Latina y el Caribe Diciembre 31, 2023
Monitoreo Estacional Condiciones desfavorables para la agricultura persisten en Latinoamérica y el Caribe América Latina y el Caribe Abril 1, 2023
Markets & Trade
Price Bulletin Guatemala Price Bulletin Guatemala March 2024
Boletín de precios Guatemala Boletín de Precios Guatemala Marzo 2024
Price Bulletin Guatemala Price Bulletin Guatemala February 2024
Alerts / Special Reports
No reports available.
Food Security Classification Data View all Guatemala classification data
Guatemala Acute Food Insecurity Classification (March 2024 - September 2024)

Forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for the near term (March 2024 - May 2024) and medium term (June 2024 - September 2024) periods.

Guatemala Acute Food Insecurity Classification Shapefile March 2024 (.zip) (ZIP) Guatemala Acute Food Insecurity Classification March 2024 (.geojson) (GeoJSON) Near Term Projection: March 2024 - May 2024 (.png) (PNG) Medium Term Projection: June 2024 - September 2024 (.png) (PNG) Near Term Projection: March 2024 - May 2024 (.kml) (KML) Medium Term Projection: June 2024 - September 2024 (.kml) (KML)
Guatemala Acute Food Insecurity Classification (February 2024 - September 2024)

Current (February 2024) food security outcomes and forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for the near term (February 2024 - May 2024) and medium term (June 2024 - September 2024) periods.

Guatemala Acute Food Insecurity Classification Shapefile February 2024 (.zip) (ZIP) Guatemala Acute Food Insecurity Classification February 2024 (.geojson) (GeoJSON) Current Situation: February 2024 (.png) (PNG) Near Term Projection: February 2024 - May 2024 (.png) (PNG) Medium Term Projection: June 2024 - September 2024 (.png) (PNG) Current Situation: February 2024 (.kml) (KML) Near Term Projection: February 2024 - May 2024 (.kml) (KML) Medium Term Projection: June 2024 - September 2024 (.kml) (KML)
Guatemala Acute Food Insecurity Classification (January 2024 - May 2024)

Forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for the near term (January 2024) and medium term (February 2024 - May 2024) periods.

Guatemala Acute Food Insecurity Classification Shapefile January 2024 (.zip) (ZIP) Guatemala Acute Food Insecurity Classification January 2024 (.geojson) (GeoJSON) Near Term Projection: January 2024 (.png) (PNG) Medium Term Projection: February 2024 - May 2024 (.png) (PNG) Near Term Projection: January 2024 (.kml) (KML) Medium Term Projection: February 2024 - May 2024 (.kml) (KML)
Seasonal Calendar Seasonal Calendar
Description

The Seasonal Calendar shows the annual and cyclical patterns of key food and income sources in a country throughout the typical year.

Guatemala Seasonal Calendar
Production & Trade Flow Maps
FEWS NET captures the market networks for a product in a given country or region, including their catchments and trade flow patterns.
GT_Labor Migration and Sugarcane Production Coffee Cardamom Cardamom Coffee Sugar Cane, Normal Year
Satellite-Derived Products Satellite-Derived Products
Description

USGS-provided data and imagery supports FEWS NET's monitoring efforts of weather and climate throughout the world.

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Livelihood Zone Resources Livelihood Zone Resources
Description

FEWS NET's narrative descriptions are meant to accompany the livelihood maps, and describe the main characteristics of the livelihood patterns and compare sources of food and income in that zone. 

Guatemala Livelihood Baseline Profile Guatemala Livelihood zone profiles
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