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Vulnerable households in Central America progressively enter the lean season

  • Key Message Update
  • El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua
  • March 2019
Vulnerable households in Central America progressively enter the lean season

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • As of March 2019, the poorest households in vulnerable communities are facing Stress (IPC, Phase 2) food security outcomes, due to deterioration in their livelihoods, recurrent crop losses, low income possibilities and price rises in basic products; however, the poorest households in isolated communities could find themselves in acute food insecurity in Crisis (Phase 3, CIF), estimating that Honduras has the largest vulnerable population.

    • Since mid-February weak El Niño conditions have been observed, which according to the March forecast will last until the end of fall 2019, causing irregularities in the rains and affecting the two sowing periods (Primera and Postrera).

    • At this time there is generally a seasonal increase in grain prices, however, they have remained stable this year, although higher than last year (20 - 70%), which is attributed to the harvest losses of the last season, which, added to the forecasts of irregularities of rain for the next season propitiates the commercial speculation.

    • Temperatures above average are observed and in some regions there have been rivers without flow, a situation that would be extended to other regions until the beginning of the rainy season, with the corresponding complications for access to water for human consumption, agricultural production and particularly for cattle.The price of coffee in February according to the International Coffee Organization was quoted at 100.67 cents per pound, which is equivalent to -13% compared to February 2018 and -28% compared to the average of five years. The sustained decline in prices harms coffee farmers, which reduces the opportunities and income of families in the poorest regions of the countries, who migrate temporarily (October to March), affecting their purchasing power.

    • The price of coffee in February according to the International Coffee Organization was quoted at 100.67 cents per pound, which is equivalent to -13% compared to February 2018 and -28% compared to the average of five years. The sustained decline in prices harms coffee farmers, which reduces the opportunities and income of families in the poorest regions of the countries, who migrate temporarily (October to March), affecting their purchasing power.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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