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Postrera crops, casual labor and expectations for better coffee prices improve food security

  • Key Message Update
  • El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua
  • January 2020
Postrera crops, casual labor and expectations for better coffee prices improve food security

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • Postrera maize and beans harvest during November/December 2019 throughout the region will lead to increased supply in the markets of the region, and stable or downward prices at least until the end of January. This will improve the availability and access to food in the poorest households by the beginning of the year 2020.

    • The coffee harvest evolves under normal conditions in the region, generating temporary employment opportunities, mainly for the most vulnerable families, who migrate to the coffee mountain ranges of other departments or to another neighboring country to obtain their income during November to February. The international price of coffee (ICO compound indicative price) as of December 2019, reached the highest value of the last two years (USD cents 117/lb), improving the coffee economy.

    • The well distributed and above-average rainfall registered in December 2019 and during the beginning of the year, allowed the realization of the sowing of Apante in producing areas of the center-north of Honduras and of the RAAN and RAAS in Nicaragua, with possibilities to achieve a good development. The forecast of rains is favorable for the crops of Apante which are expected normal, in the first quarter of 2020.

    • In spite of the First and Postrera harvests at the end of 2019 and the increase in the coffee casual labor, countries are facing Stressed (IPC Phase 2) food insecurity due to the losses of Primera and the accumulation of several years of low harvests ; the most vulnerable communities in the region that, due to the deterioration in livelihoods caused by the recurrence to droughts and economic depression of coffee growing, are in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food insecurity.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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