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Primera crops in areas of subsistence agriculture affected by the prolongation of the dry spell

  • Key Message Update
  • El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua
  • August 2018
Primera crops in areas of subsistence agriculture affected by the prolongation of the dry spell

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • Maize and bean Primera crops in areas of subsistence agriculture of the dry corridor recorded losses (partial and total) due to the impact of the prolonged mid-season dry spell, mainly during the phase of vegetative development and flowering, with differentiated impacts and with average losses of 75% in corn and 76% in beans.

    • According to the climate forecast of the LVI Climate Forum in Central America, rains are expected to be below normal for most of the region during the August / October quarter, including in the Dry Corridor, which could lead to losses of basic grain crops during the Postrera cycle.

    • The availability of grains in the markets is average, with predominance of local red beans. However, due to the corn price increases the regional markets, a supply of imported grain (white and yellow) has been observed, whose original destination is the industrial process and not domestic consumption.

    • Corn prices have been affected by speculation related to losses in the Primera agricultural campaign. Red beans show greater stability thanks to the previous harvest still available and the flows that come from the unaffected production areas.

    • The households of subsistence farmers depend mainly on their own crops, on the income generated locally by agricultural wages and on the temporary employment in the coffee sector whose demand starts in some regions at the end of September, however, it is likely that this source is limited by the fall in prices in the international coffee market.

    • The majority of households in subsistence agriculture areas are in the minimum food insecurity (IPC, Phase 1) thanks to food reserves that should last one month. However, farmers settled in the affected areas with severe damages due to the prolongation of the dry spell in Honduras that have exhausted their reserves and with no sources of employment, will be in a more critical situation from September.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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